The Art Of Astrology


The lead astrologer of the astrology source is Deborah Fenlon-Browning. Other astrologer like Art Poppe, Agnes Ronco, and Jeff Jawler all play big roles to offer you the best service possible. She has been a practicing astrologer for over 28 years now and for years her work was limited to off line publications and regional work until 1996 when the site was launched. She is popularly known for her supply of horoscopes to different websites and newspaper and is a Yahoo award winning astrologer. She made it her mission to educate the knowledge of self using astrology as an important tool. She and her fellow astrologers has helped a lot of people in the world find out who they really are and know more about their zodiac signs. This is a website that offers you details and information that are related only to astrology. Here you will find professional report, educational and other resources to help new comers obtain a better understanding of astrology. If you register with them, any information you require will be sent to your e-mail address within the space of 24 hours. This website is meant for anyone who requires the assistance of an astrologer or who needs information and knowledge about astrology. You don't need to have any technical skill just go to their and learn what you need to know. More here...

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Astrology In Ancient Times

Greco First Book Western Astrology

Although existing clay tablets tell us that the Sumerians were the first to record the names of constellations, regular observations of the Moon and planets began with the Babylonians. For example, the Venus tablet, which was made around 1600 bc, contains 59 omens grouped into 8-year cycles based on the first and last appearances of Venus in the sky. Thus, by this time the Babylonians were observing and recording events in the sky, recognizing the periodicity of some of these events and using this information to make predictions about the future. These predictions generally related to issues involving society at large, such as the weather, agricultural productivity, and politics, rather than to specific individuals (excepting, of course, the king and his court). Thus, there was a fusion between what we now call astronomy and astrology, representing a worldview that events in the sky resonated with events on Earth and that knowledge of these events could affect man's future. This...

Mythical Concepts Astrology

Consider astrology as one example of the acceptance and use of incorrect beliefs. Astrology asserts that objects in space control or influence our lives. I can conceive of two physical mechanisms by which stars, planets, and other astronomical bodies might affect us at birth and thereafter by their gravitational force and by their radiation (meaning their radio waves, heat, visible light, ultraviolet radiation, x-rays, and gamma rays). Let's consider these possibilities. There is absolutely no scientific evidence whatsoever to require hypothesizing a new force in nature from the stars, planets, Moon, or Sun to explain anything in astronomy or to determine our personalities, actions, or fates. Furthermore, careful scrutiny of astrological predictions show that they are as successful as they are because they are so general. If you try to get specific information from astrology or another pseudoscience, such as the date of your death, you will get predictions no better than those chosen...

Astrology and the Purposes of Archaeoastronomy

In the early period of Mesopotamian history, various deities were identified with celestial objects, particularly the planets, or wanderers as the Greeks called them, moving against the pattern of the fixed stars in ways that seemed strange and unpredictable. The assumption that these erratic movements were due to the self-determination of the bodies seems to have been made at an early date. It was likewise assumed that Sun, Moon, Venus, and others were interested in human affairs and interfered with them. As long as such movements were considered self-motivated and largely unpredictable, it was possible to assume that the planets were gods, intervening capriciously in human affairs, influenced by offerings and prayers. As careful observation began to make the movements of these gods more predictable, a mechanistic view of their activities became possible. From this, astrology arose as an essentially antireligious reaction against the view that the gods interfered in human activities....


To a modern astronomer, astrology is anathema. The idea that there can be any direct connection between the configuration or appearance of distant heavenly bodies in the sky and current or future events in the terrestrial world flies in the face of laws of physics that have been established beyond question over many centuries. This is not to deny that in a few cases an astrological relationship might actually have a physical basis some claim, for example, that a correlation can exist between the growth of plants and the phase of the moon, because the level of moisture in the soil is related to the lunar phase through a tidal effect. From the perspective of the archaeologist or anthropologist, whose ultimate interest is in human behavior rather than the laws of the universe, whether such an argument is scientifically verifiable or not is not the point. What interests these scientists is the fact that people throughout the ages have drawn direct connections between the appearance of the...

Writing on the Sky Vault and on Clay Tablets

However, their direct descendents, the Babylonian priests, were instead curious to learn what signs the divine celestial stage offered about the future of the rulers and the kingdom. The sky formed a huge screen with texts that the specialist tried to interpret. Thus, systematic astrology was born, together with a developed state. Interest in the misty future was strong and there were also other methods of prediction, like watching the flight of birds. In contrast to today, at that time astrology was quite a rational undertaking when stars were viewed as gods or their representatives. It was logical to try to find links between celestial phenomena and earthly happenings. Some were indeed known the seasons are marked by the path of the Sun among the stars and tides obey the Moon. With little artificial light to block their view, the ancients were much more observant of the sky than most people today.

Constellations and Horoscope Signs

Your horoscope sign may be Aries (the Ram), but this does not mean that the Sun was in the constellation of Aries when you were born Quite probably the Sun was in Pisces (the Fishes) at the time. The reason for this is that the constellation names and dates in newspaper horoscope columns correspond to those in a book on astrology written by the astronomer Ptolemy nearly 2,000 years ago. The zero point or the start of the sequence of constellations was the vernal equinox, the point where the Sun on March 21 crosses the celestial equator going from the southern to the northern celestial hemisphere. However, this zero point is not fixed but moves slowly relative to the stars and constellations. The time interval from then until now has resulted in a change of about one constellation. This motion makes a full circle every 26,000 years and it was discovered observationally by the Greek astronomer Hipparchus (circa. 190-120 BC). Physically, we now know that the movement of the zero...

Brief History Of Astronomy

Unlike astrology, which alleges that the positions of the Sun, Moon, and stars affect human affairs, astronomy is a scientific discipline based upon an understanding of physical principles (the so-called Laws of Nature) and how their operation produces phenomena that may be observed. These principles can often be summarized in simple mathematical equations. Learning some of the simpler and more fundamental principles allows you both insight into how astronomers learn about the universe as well as an understanding of why the objects we observe have the properties that they do.

The Unfolding Universe

When the power of Greece crumbled away, astronomical progress came to an abrupt halt. The great library at Alexandria was looted and burned in A.D. 640, by order of the Arab caliph Omar, though in fact most of the books may have been scattered earlier in any case, the loss of the Library books was irreparable, and scholars have never ceased to regret it. For several centuries very little was done. When interest in the skies did return, it came - ironically enough - by way of astrology. Even today, there are still some people who do not know the difference between astrology and astronomy. Actually, the two are utterly different. Astronomy is an exact science astrology is a relic of the past, and there is no scientific basis for it, though in some countries (notably India) it still has a considerable following. The best way to define astrology is to say that it is the superstition of the stars. Each celestial body is supposed to have a definite influence upon the character and destiny...

An Epoch of Discovery

Whenever someone hears that 1 am a radio astronomer, and after they have passed through the phase of confusing this with some form of astrology, I am often asked How far can the telescope see things Bearing in mind that radio telescopes are not something you can see through, we nevertheless use the colloquialism of seeing radio waves. That is part of the jargon of the trade. We can't say we listen to radio signals from space either, because there is nothing to hear that the human ear can detect against the background noise produced by the radio receivers attached to the radio telescope. (It is a sign of the times that a radio telescope is best described as a large satellite dish ) Instead, we look at the output of a computer program that converts the radio signals generated by a host of interesting physical events in the depths of space into numbers or maps of what those objects would look like if you could literally see radio signals.

Barasana Caterpillar Jaguar Constellation

This is a good example of how a non-Western worldview can make sense of the cosmos by drawing direct connections between things that we would regard as quite unconnected. It is also a good example of a way of understanding the world that (at least potentially) has predictive capability when the constellation rises, then the caterpillars will start to appear. This characteristic of Barasana cosmology, some would argue, means that we could regard it as a rudimentary form of science. However, it might also be described by others as astrology in the sense that events of earth are perceived to be determined by, or at least directly linked with, the configuration of objects in the sky. Astrology Cosmology Science or Symbolism

Need for Change in Observational Accuracy

No longer willing to keep his love of astronomy secret, he decided to take a first step away from the education that had been chosen for him. Brahe did this by enrolling in an astrology course. It was not long before he began to formulate horoscopes for important men. He also began a notebook on celestial observations, the first of what would become many of his observation logs. His goal was to work out the most accurate planetary predictions that had ever been. He began this first log in late summer 1563.

Greek Cosmology The Second Stage

The legacy of ancient mathematical astronomy is contained in Ptolemy of Alexandria's masterpiece, The Mathematical Syntaxis, a work that is customarily known by its Arabic title, the Almagest (or greatest ). Written around 150 a.d., the Almagest is, along with Euclid's Elements, one of the two or three most significant works of Greek exact science. Perhaps the greatest astronomical book ever written, it is a comprehensive exposition of the methods and theory needed to produce empirically reliable tables of motion for the Sun, Moon, and planets. In addition to the Almagest, Ptolemy composed a work on geography and some comparatively minor treatises on cosmology and astrology as well as some specialized studies of mathematical subjects.

Galileo Adopts Copernicanism

1592, received an appointment as professor of mathematics at the University of Padua, Italy, adequately boosting his income. His duties at Padua were to teach Euclidian geometry and the Ptolemaic Earth-centered system of astronomy. Astronomy was important for students, especially medical students, to be able to keep a calendar and to be able to use astrology in daily medical practices. The Ptolemaic system annoyed Galileo, as it had Copernicus. By this time, Galileo had studied and accepted Copernicus's theories of a Sun-centered model of the solar system, yet aside from a personal letter he sent in 1598 to a friend, the German astronomer Johannes Kepler, declaring his support of Copernicanism, he kept his views to himself. To go against the accepted system of astronomy was to go against the doctrine of the Catholic Church. He did not want to be branded as a heretic. Then, too, there was the public in general. Although it was the Renaissance, during which freethinking and new ideas...

Explanation Of A Supernova Window

Communication and electricity will be cut off, and a general loss of power is to be expected. Appliances, computers, telephones, planes, trains, cars, all of these tools will be affected by this energy. They will be stopped in one way or another. The people of the past will make the news and will reenter your life. Expect trouble with the post office, education, students, strikes, prisoner's escape, newspapers, broadcasting industries and computer viruses may bother us again. Many a failed mission and expensive electronic equipment (Mars probe etc.) and our tax dollars have been wasted because of the scientist's lack of knowledge of the stars. As usual NASA, which is not aware of the science of astrology, will waste our tax money with failed missions due to bad weather and electronic malfunctions.

Origins of Western Science in Eastern Mediterranean Cultures

Connection between all aspects of human endeavor and knowledge, mythology and religion, and astronomy, astrology, and cosmology. For Western civilization, the development of ethical monotheism by the ancient Israelites, coupled with the Greek search for a rational basis for human behavior, probably helped motivate philosophers to attempt to unify all branches of knowledge.

Predictions for the Century

Unmistakably, under the sign of Pisces, Jesus Christ suffered sorrow, imprisonment, restrictions and tortures at the hands of secret political enemies. Also, Christianity has been preaching the blind acceptance of suffering, repentance and sacrifice, if you are to proceed to the paradise of God. According to astrology, Neptune's energy (Pisces) forces the soul towards its opposite sign (Virgo) or the Virgin Mary and its purity principle. This It is well documented that many former civilizations simply worshipped God or gods with the stars, the moon and the sun. The Creator's Divine Manifestation throughout the Universe (Astrology) was well used and understood by the ancients. Whereas Pisces is mute and accepting, Aquarius has a voice. Aquarius rules curiosity, invention, electronics, the UFO phenomena and astrological investigation. Uranus rules the future, electronics, electricity, radio, television, airships and aeronautics. Among its metals are uranium, radium and all the other...

Transient Lunar Phenomena TLP

Since the 1950s, various controversial glows and obscurations have been reported on the lunar surface by amateur astronomers. In general, these events have been associated with specific craters such as Alphonsus, Plato, Aristarchus, and Gassendi, although much more obscure craters, like the diminutive Torricelli B, have also generated alerts. Undoubtedly TLP hunting is on the very fringe of amateur astronomy, on the borderline between science and pseudoscience and, as such, it attracts a fair number of cranks. There is no shortage of weirdos out there who are convinced that alien abductions really occur or that astrology means something. There is also no shortage of cranks who want to be regarded as the next Einstein or Stephen Hawking, but without putting in the mental effort to indulge in mainstream science. For 11 years (1980-1991) I was an active member of the BAA Lunar Section TLP network a network of lunar observers dedicated to responding quickly to claims of glows and...

Difficult Relationships

There's a temptation to think of Newton as the first of the modern scientists. The phrase Newtonian mechanics is often used to describe the science that, once and for all, swept away the old Aristotelian dogma. Yet Newton himself was really the last of the old guard. He still practiced astrology and believed in the power of alchemy. In 1678 he suffered a serious emotional breakdown, and in the following year his mother died. His response was to cut off contact with others and immerse himself in alchemical research. Hiding behind the pseudonym Jeova Sanctus Unus (God's Holy One), he wrote in his notebooks of ethereal spirits and a secret fire pervading matter. In quicksilver mercury he saw the masculine and feminine semens . . . fixed and volatile, the Serpents around the Caduceus, the Dragons of Flammel.

Characteristics For Those Born In March

In the medical aspect of Divine Astrology, Pisces rules the feet. It is important for you to walk barefoot on the grass, to regenerate the body through the magnetic fields of the earth itself. Your intuition is remarkable and should be well heeded when confronted with serious decisions. A word of caution for Pisces Do not swim downstream as your induced faith could take you to Neptune's deepest quicksand with no option for return. David Koresh and the Rev. Jim Jones are good examples of Neptune's deceiving religious captains. Remember to respect the Universal Law (see Moon Power), as your awareness and Moon planning will become a major contribution to happiness and success. The location of your natal Dragons Head or Tail will seriously alter the strengths or weakness of Neptune in your chart. You can learn much more about yourself or anyone else by ordering my new book entitled, I Know All About You, The Power Of The Dragon or And God Created The Stars .

Non European cosmology and constellation development

Three different systems of astronomical reference were independently developed in early antiquity the zodiac in Mesopotamia, the lunar mansions in India, and the decans in Egypt. The first system alone has survived to the present day because it was the only system which at an early date (probably in the fifth century bc) was associated with an accurate numerical scheme, the 360-division of the ecliptic. The lunar mansions, i.e., the twenty-seven or twenty-eight places occupied by the Moon during one sidereal rotation, were later absorbed into the zodiacal system which the Hindus adopted through Greek astronomy and astrology. With Islamic astronomy the mansions returned to the west but mainly as an astrological concept. A similar fate befell the decans. When Egypt became part of the Hellenistic world the zodiacal signs soon show a division into three decans of 10 each. As drekkana they appear again prominently in Indian astrology, and return in oriental disguise to the west, forming an...

Panpsychism Yesterday and Today

Even in the golden times of magic and astrology, many eminent thinkers were much more cautious than the average scholars. In the fourth century a.d., for example, Saint Augustine expressed disapproval of the mathematicians, viz. the astrologers. In contrast, the impressive comeback of astrology in our society which, according to many a scientist, should What seems to be valid of the notions on which magic and astrology are based is that certain distant and physically unrelated objects say, a planet and a bird could affect by their presence and changes, in a way not covered by mechanism, other objects that are capable of modifying their properties in response to signals coming from their environment, and could therefore influence through them in a similar way, in virtue of positive feedback and amplification, the state of the part of the cosmos to which those objects belong. This consideration, as mentioned, is related to the concept of communication (information transfer) and to its...

Alchemy and Chemistry

In the examination of magic, we reached the conclusion that it did not really concern nature, that, if anything, it concerned the immaterial dimension of reality for it was expected to allow control of lesser spiritual entities (or, in its modern version, hidden powers of the mind), which in turn could act on nature. What about astrology and alchemy, two other abandoned lines of research, also related to magic Well, the former was based on the dubious belief that the positions of the stars in the firmament influence a person's temperament and history, and even the history of mankind we have already seen that whatever may be valid in that idea should probably be rephrased in terms of mere parallelism e.g., climatic influences on moods, which are a fact, depend on the seasons, and the seasons are parallel to particular arrangements of the constellations, because both depend on the position of the earth on the ecliptic. Alchemy, on the other hand, was an experimental discipline trying to...

Characteristics For Those Born In November

The planet Pluto and the intense sign of Scorpio govern the month of November. You inherited a powerful will and you are attracted to the unknown the medical professions, the police force, metaphysics, politics and general investigations. You are classified as the Eagle (positive) or the Lizard (negative) in Divine Astrology. You are quite private, secretive, even mystic and like all other water signs, you excel in the study of metaphysics. Unless you are aware of your innate powers you are well advised not to sting yourself with your own dart. You carry in your soul the element of life and death, reincarnation and pure sensuality. On a negative note, your magnetic thoughts can reach anyone anywhere for good or for worse, bringing its accompanying karma Many advanced Pluto children will fly like an eagle above the destructive Lizard emotions and legendary jealousy. You can use your inborn mystical gifts to succeed where others would fail. Strong, private and dominant, you were born...

The Descent of the Gods and the Purposes of Ancient Astronomy

The central themes of archaeoastronomy are the relationships that people have seen between themselves and the heavens and the ways in which these relationships have been reflected in archeological remains. The related study of ancient astronomy needs to be integrated with all available relevant information on myths and religious practices in as clear a cultural context as possible. In many cases, myths provide a descriptive account of astronomical processes or events, related to behavioral patterns of the particular group. We have found that the purposes of ancient astronomy tend to fall in the general areas of calendrics, navigation, and astrology. In this section, we draw attention to notable similarities and differences among cultures around the world and offer some interpretations of the patterns we recognize. The major difficulties of interpretation lie in deciding what material is relevant. If we try to interpret a myth astronomically when it had no astronomical referent, we...

The Rejection of Scientific Reality

A huge number of people are choosing to accept beliefs that are inconsistent with those put forward by science, or that presently lack scientific support. Among these beliefs are the presence of aliens from other worlds on Earth, the possibility of travel backward in time,1 astrology, because behaviors based on invalid assumptions are often not in our best interests. They might keep us associating with people we wouldn't otherwise, or keep us away from people or activities that would make our lives richer. Sometimes, as with belief in the validity of astrology, the effects are both behavioral and financial causing people not only to make different decisions than they would otherwise but also to waste money. This is arguably worse than just missing opportunities to meet interesting people and have interesting experiences, but it is not nearly as bad as the effects of believing in such concepts as homeopathic medicine and faith healing. In such cases, people not only behave differently...

Islander Mythology and Astronomy12

The Layers Heaven

Among the oceanic cultures, there is clear evidence of personal astrology only from Hawaii. The native scholar David Kepelino (Beckwith, tr., 1932) gives personal characteristics for men and (somewhat different ones) for women born on particular days of the lunar month. Malo (1951) gives a similar set for persons according to the months in which they were born. Presumably, omens from the days and months moderated each other. astronomically determined rituals, and that astrology was important, our knowledge of details has been spotty and inadequate. Recently, Francis Warther (1991a 1991b Warther and Meech 1993) has begun to show that unified evidence from several lines of investigation suggest that Hawaiian astronomy was both more sophisticated and more pervasive than anyone had previously thought. He has also demonstrated the probable presence of types of alignment that we could only recognize with the aid of written or oral tradition.

Chinese constellations

Tang Chinese Constellation Map

Any abnormal occurrence in the sky, such as a nova, comet, meteor, or eclipse, might portend a (usually) negative repercussion for society, especially for that aspect represented by the area of the sky in which the occurrence took place. For example, a nova discovered in an agricultural-related area of the sky would likely signify poor crops, or a comet moving into the Purple Forbidden Enclosure would bode poorly for the emperor and his central government. The location of the planets and other celestial phenomena (e.g., zodiacal light, clouds) also had astrological ramifications. Such events might signify that a ruler was misconducting his government or following an immoral path, actions that would disturb the natural order and lead to famines, plague, and disturbances in the heavens. In general, predictable phenomena were good signs and unpredictable phenomena were bad signs. Royal astrologers were kept busy interpreting the meaning of unusual celestial events, and their...

Egyptian constellations

Southern Circumpolar Constellations

Following the death of Alexander the Great, one of his generals, Ptolemy, took over the administration of Egypt, thus initiating the Ptolemaic Period (323-30 bc). During this time, Greek ideas involving the cosmos and astrology began to gain influence in Egypt. In addition, Greek constellations were intermingled with those native to Egypt in images on temple ceilings and other monuments. A case in point is the famous image that dates from just after this period that was once located on the ceiling from the Temple of Hathor at Dendera. This so-called Dendera zodiac depicts the circle of the heavens held up by 12 figures representing the constellations of the zodiac (Figure 2.7). The outer ring of figures in the circle represents the 36 traditional decanal stars and constellations. The innermost figures are Egyptian constellations, and these are surrounded by the Greek constellations of the zodiac mixed in with images representing the planets, depicted as gods holding staffs. Egyptian...

Comparative Planetology 101 The Rules

What patterns emerge from close study of the busy mess of the solar system We want to explain why planets are the way they are, based on first principles on simple rules and conditions of birth. At first glance, this deterministic goal is not unlike the goal of astrology to predict your personality from planetary positions at the time of your birth.

At the University in Cracow

Regiomontanus Epicycle

Copernicus's study of geometry trained him in logical relationships and gave him skills to study astronomy. The ancient Greek astronomer Claudius Ptolemy, who lived around 150 ce, had devised geometrical models to compute the positions of planets for any time in the past or future. In Baghdad, scholars translated his works (including those on astrology and geography) into Arabic. His work on astronomy, the Almagest ( the greatest in Arabic), was translated into Latin at about the same time as Aristotle's works. In the winter of 1492, the university offered lectures on Euclidean geometry. By now the teenage Copernicus had begun his lifelong love affair with mathematical astronomy. He obtained a copy of Euclid's Geometry, which had been printed for the first time in 1482, and a Latin translation of an Arabic text on astrology.

Across The Great Divide

We scientists view the question as part of our turf, as the proper subject of astrobiology. In recent decades, however, another train of belief has been gathering steam on a parallel track. Although science has been on a roll of confidence and power since the Enlightenment, antiscientific voices are increasingly audible on the cultural airwaves. Creationism, faith healing, astrology, postmodern relativism, and New Age spirituality are among those beliefs that mainstream science regards as dangerous superstitions threatening the rational basis of our society. Many adherents of these beliefs view science as equally dangerous, threatening our very survival with an amoral, materialistic, antispiritual attitude and an out-of-control pursuit of new technology. Nowhere is the gulf between expert scientific opinion and popular folk beliefs greater than on the subject of aliens.

A historical interlude Galileo Galilei 15641642

At the age of 25 Galileo was appointed to a teaching post in mathematics in Pisa. It was badly paid and he did not enjoy the work. One of his duties was to teach Euclidean geometry to medical students, so that they could understand the then-standard geocentricmodel of the universe, in which the earth was stationary at the centre, with the sun and planets moving in complicated paths around it. Students of medicine were required to study astronomy so that they could apply this knowledge to astrology and use it in their medical practice. One might safely assume that Galileo had no time for astrology, but what made the situation more ironic was that he did not believe in the geocentric model. Galileo followed the theories of Copernicus, at that time considered to be unsound and even heretical. In 1543, Copernicus had published De Revolutionibus Orbium Celaestium, a book in which he put forward a heliocentric theory of the universe, in which the earth and planets orbit a stationary sun.

Plutos impact on Generations Past Present Future

Is well suited for investigation, planning and acting upon their threats. Imagine the impact of Pluto in Scorpio on the children of the Middle East, and all other unstable countries (astrology has no barrier). Giving their lives for a deadly purpose, is a way of regenerating themselves and their teachers, governments, religious institutions, and even they don't know about it. I seriously hope for the well being of our society to start the cleansing and healing process in educating the masses. For too long now, millions of dollars have been and will continue to be poured into wasteful institutions, feeding your children with fear and ignorance. How long will it take mankind to grow out of its own spiritual limitations, I do not really know, but I am aware of the damage it will bring to its own children in the future. I need your serious understanding and strong help here and I can only hope that this publication will bring enough truth and raise enough questions and answers about what...

The History Of Astronomy

The earliest data collectors were the Assyrians all students of ancient history know of the Library of Ashurbanipal (668-626 BC). This included the 'Venus Tablet', discovered by Sir Henry Layard and deciphered in 1911 by F. X. Kugler. It claims that when Venus appears, 'rains will be in the heavens' when it returns after an absence of three months 'hostility will be in the land the crops will prosper'. Early attempts at drawing up tables of the movements of the Moon and planets may well date from pre-Greek times, largely for astrological reasons until relatively modern times astrology was regarded as a true science, and all the ancient astronomers (even Ptolemy) were also astrologers. Little progress was made in the following centuries, though there were some interesting Indian writings (Aryabhata, 5th century AD), and in 570 AD Isidorus, Bishop of Seville, was the first to draw a definite distinction between astronomy and astrology. The revival of astronomy was due to the Arabs. In...

Characteristics For Those Born In December

The planet Jupiter and the sign of Sagittarius govern the month of December. You are a philosopher, a natural teacher and classified in Divine Astrology as Truth Seeker. You would do well in learning or teaching computers, aeronautics, law, religion, communications, radio, and language. You are also attracted to holistic healing, animals, Indians, and the world of sports. Your desire to travel to foreign lands is quite strong. Doing so will take you far away, giving you the option to return with incredible knowledge to teach to the rest of us. You were born with the gift of teaching and you will always promote a form of purity and organization in life. You can do quite well in office work and

The Purposes of Chinese Astronomy

Our knowledge of the astronomy of the period has been considerably increased by the discovery of the burial of a man named Li, the son of the 1st Marquis of Yi in 168 b.c. at Mawandui (or Ma-Wang-tui), Ch'ang-sha, Hunan, with 20 silk books. These included Classics on Stars, which incorporated the writings of the astronomers Gan De (or Kan-te) in his Astronomy, and Shi Shen (Astrological Astronomy or perhaps Astronomical Astrology), written between 370 and 270 b.c. However, this version of Classics on Stars contained a study of the movements of Jupiter from 246 b.c. to 178 b.c., contemporary with Li. The book gives the synodic and sidereal periods of the planets and contains a catalog of the shapes of comets. The synodic period and sidereal periods for Jupiter are given as 395 105 240 395.438 days, and 12 years, respectively the corresponding numbers for Saturn are 377 days and 30 years, respectively. The configuration information provided for the planet Venus is that it is a visible...

Astronomy of Medieval Europe

Astronomical work in the Middle Ages centered mainly on its utility in setting the feast days of the Church, that is, the construction of church calenders, but the continuing interest in astrology also caused a demand for improved astronomical accuracy for horoscopes and astrological forecasts of a wider nature such practices were officially condemned but frequently and sometimes widely practiced. In fact, Tertullian 150 220 a.d. , one of the early Fathers of the Church, made use of an astrological argument, among other tactics, to attempt to alleviate persecutions of Christians. His letter to Scapula, the Roman governor, refers to the portents of the solar eclipse of August 14, 212 Augustine, Bishop of Hippo 354-430 , distinguished between astrology and astronomy, noting that the latter was useful but the former pernicious. Thomas Aquinas and other influential theologians (but not all) took a similar position. The struggle over astrology continued throughout the Dark and Middle Ages...

The Theory of Concentric Spheres

Greek philosophers began a new approach that reached beyond astrology, attempting to explain in a rational manner why the planets move as they do. The sphere and circular motion was their preferred ideal for celestial motion (remaining so for two millennia). As geometric forms, the sphere and the circle were much investigated in Greek mathematics. Also, perfect circular motion, always returning back its original point, seemed to be suitable for celestial bodies held to be divine beings or at least eternally existing objects, and in fact the celestial sphere does seem to rotate perfectly uniformly.

Records of Lunar Eclipses

Our recorded knowledge of astronomical events in Mesopotamia begins with records of lunar eclipses. These eclipses are known mostly from their use (as models for predicting disasters) in the collection called Enuma Anu Enlil from the 7th century b.c. We know of seven references to lunar eclipses and two to solar eclipses prior to the 8th century b.c. These eclipses are important both to our understanding of Mesopotamian astrology and for determining the chronology of the area. They need to be considered together and to be integrated both with the evidence from chronicles and from Venus observations. In some cases, the available information contains a month date or a statement about the time of occurrence of the eclipse that aids greatly in reducing possibilities. Most of these eclipses are considered extensively by Huber (1982), by Mitchell (1990), and by Stephenson and Clark (1978). The earliest omen refers to the death of an unidentified ruler of the dynasty of Agade, and Mitchell...

A triumph for Newtonian gravity

Among all the exotic discoveries have been some very familiar sights ice, dust storms, weather, lightning, erosion, rift valleys, even volcanos. Against this background, it may be hard for us to understand how special and mysterious the planets were to the ancients. Looking like bright stars, but moving against the background of fixed stars, they inspired awe and worship. The Greeks and Romans associated gods with them, and they played nearly as large a part in astrology as did the Moon.

Ptolemy and the Almagest

Ptolemy (Latinized as Claudius Ptolemaeus) was one of the great scholars of antiquity, and mathematical astronomy was dominated by his ideas for nearly 1500 years following his death. Little is known of his life, but he taught in Alexandria and quoted the results of his observations made between AD 127 and 141. He was responsible for a number of great works, each of which place him among the most important ancient authors. The earliest of these is his masterpiece of mathematical astronomy, the Almagest, and others include the Tetrabiblos (on astrology) and the Geography (on mathematical geography). These works exercised a colossal influence over mankind for the next 2000 years. Ptolemy's very wide range of interests is indicated by his works on other subjects, e.g. music, optics, and logic. His Harmony, in which he described musical consonances and their relationship to an underlying universal harmony, was later an inspiration to Kepler.

By The Rivers Of Babylon

Ture, conquering Babylonia in 689 B.C. and destroying much of the city. Thankfully the Assyrians did not obliterate the long-standing astronomical culture of Babylonia. They soon adopted various superstitious practices based upon the belief that celestial phenomena were harbingers of approaching events on Earth. The major developments that led to horoscopic astrology occurred in this era. Comets and vivid shooting stars were interpreted variously as being auspicious or dangerous omens, while eclipses were regarded as being highly significant. An example is the following prophecy from a court astrologer On the 14th an eclipse will take place it is evil for Elam and Amurru, lucky for the king, my lord let the king, my lord, rest happy. It will be seen without Venus. To the king, my lord, I say there will be an eclipse. From Irasshi-ilu, the king's servant. Obviously the ruler could be put in a good temper by having an eclipse interpreted in advance as being beneficial (but heaven help...

Sympathies Influences and Causes

As mentioned in chapter one and above in connection with the Mersenne-Fludd dispute, the relations on which astrology and magic were based were correspondences, similarities, affinities, influences, sympathies involving objects or entities as disparate in nature as words, numbers, metals, and stars. Their origin is actually ancient and noble, for they can be traced back to the associations between words and things typical of the Ancient Testament and to the Pythagorean and Platonic belief in the significance of numbers and geometrical figures. Under the Roman Empire, in the Greek-speaking part of the Empire, those two traditions melted together, and gave the fascinating analogical interpretation of the Ancient Testament by Philo of Alexandria and the famous treatises of Hermes Trismegistos, on which we shall pause in next chapter. The basic idea is well illustrated by music since a piece of music has a profound emotional effect on us, there must be something in common between it and...

Forecast For Those Born In January j

Many hard-working Capricorns will get a windfall of creative mental energy, and with it, the opportunity to shine intellectually. Many will also be promoted to higher positions or will be able to publish their work. This will open exciting doors to travel promising new business endeavors, and rewarding financial contacts. Dragon's Tail location in the sign of Virgo in your 9th house (religion traveling foreigners) will work hard on your favor to eliminate old archaic mental attitudes and attract a progressive new way of thinking. Some of those unworthy religious doctrines will have to be replaced by a more progressive and spiritual research, including astrology or technology. Avoid stress and even depression during the waning moon periods (see Moon Power publication for dates). The planet Uranus rules the sign of Aquarius and governs the month of February. You are one of the most original people walking this earth. Aquarius has produced many eccentric people and great inventors....

Ancient world models

The Babylonians were skilled astronomers though their world-picture was naive. They observed the positions of the Sun, Moon, planets and stars for many centuries with great accuracy. They found that they could predict eclipses. Their observations were motivated by their belief that the future of human beings could be predicted from celestial configurations and events such as eclipses or the appearance of comets. Because of this, kings kept court astrologers and the wealthy paid for horoscopes. This belief in astrology, found in all nations, should have withered away with alchemy and the search for the philosopher's stone but even today there are many who set great faith in this pseudo-science. It is perhaps needless to say that modern astronomy demonstrates how ludicrous such beliefs are. The Egyptians, astronomers almost as skilled as the Babylonians, had equally simple world-pictures. They noticed that the yearly inundation of the Nile valley coincided with the days when the star...

Changing careers

Copernicus came from a middle-class Catholic family, which belonged to the Third Order of St. Dominic. He lived at a time when physicians made use of astrology, so he studied mathematical science and optics at Krakow University. While practicing medicine in Poland, and later as a canon at Frauenburg Cathedral, Copernicus became involved in studies of the sun, and would make celestial observations from


Throughout the Middle Ages the belief that the heavenly bodies influence what happens on Earth was almost universal St Augustine had described astrology as impious superstition and, in the early Middle Ages, the study of astrology was frowned upon by the Church, as it had been by Islamic religious leaders. But by the end of the fourteenth century, astrology was practised so widely that it could no longer be resisted. 'Practical astronomy' became very important there were chairs of astrology at several major universities, and astrologers were appointed to high offices in the courts of kings and princes. Many arguments against the validity of astrology were put forward but largely they were ignored, and astrology became a major stimulus for astronomy, particularly in encouraging people to construct tables of planetary positions. One of those who spoke out against astrology was Nicole Oresme, an advisor to Charles V of France and then tutor to Charles VI. Together with Jean Buridan and...

Tycho Brahe

After the death of his uncle, when Tycho was nineteen years of age, it appears that the young philosopher was no longer interfered with in so far as the line which his studies were to take was concerned. Always of a somewhat restless temperament, we now find that he shifted his abode to the University of Rostock, where he speedily made himself notable in connection with an eclipse of the moon on 28th October, 1566. Like every other astronomer of those days, Tycho had always associated astronomy with astrology. He considered that the phenomena of the heavenly bodies always had some significance in connection with human affairs. Tycho was also a poet, and in the united capacity of poet, astrologer, and astronomer, he posted up some verses in the college at Rostock announcing that the lunar eclipse was a prognostication of the death of the great Turkish Sultan, whose mighty deeds at that time filled men's minds. Presently news did arrive of the death of the Sultan, and Tycho was...


Kepler threw himself with characteristic ardour into even this fantastic phase of the labours of the astronomical professor he diligently studied the rules of astrology, which the fancies of antiquity had compiled. Believing sincerely as he did in the connection between the aspect of the stars and the state of human affairs, he even thought that he perceived, in the events of his own life, a corroboration of the doctrine which affirmed the influence of the planets upon the fate of individuals. But quite independently of astrology there seem to have been many other delusions current among the philosophers of Kepler's time. It is now almost incomprehensible how the ablest men of a few centuries ago should have entertained such preposterous notions, as they did, with respect to the system of the universe. As an instance of what is here referred to, we may cite the extraordinary notion which, under the designation of a discovery, first brought Kepler into fame. Geometers had long known...


Named for the Indo-Iranian god of the heavenly light that led to mithraism, one of the last oriental mystery cults to reach the west, where it became the chief rival to and opponent of christianity. In Babylonia, Chaldaean astrology was incorporated, while Greek art, religion and philosophy provided the models for mithraic iconography and the mithraic mysteries. The two religions have much in common a divine lord by whom man was assured of elevation, a sacramental meal and a ritual of baptism. Many ruins of mithraic sanctuaries are still to be found in Europe, near Frankfurt and Heidelberg, for example. This minor planet is of Apollo type, and in Asia Minor around 330 B.C. the god Mithra was identified with the god Apollo see planet (1862) . (M 16885) Citation prepared by E. W. Elst.


Named for Andrew Fraknoi on the occasion of his resignation as executive director of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific. Under his leadership, from 1978 to 1992, the ASP see planet (2848) has grown into a nationally and internationally recognized science education organization, serving teachers, amateurs and the public. In addition to editing Mercury, Fraknoi founded and edited The Universe in the Classroom, a newsletter for teachers. He also organized workshops and wrote a nationally syndicated newspaper column. He hosted a radio talk show on science for two years and regularly explains astronomical developments on radio and television. An outspoken critic of astrology, he has given more than 300 public lectures on astronomical and skeptical topics. (M 20522 M 20542) Citation provided by J. Wujek.


It is evident that by this time Flamsteed's interest in all astronomical matters had greatly increased. He studied the construction of sun-dials, he formed a catalogue of seventy of the fixed stars, with their places on the heavens, and he computed the circumstances of the solar eclipse which was to happen on June 22nd, 1666. It is interesting to note that even in those days the doctrines of the astrologers still found a considerable degree of credence, and Flamsteed spent a good deal of his time in astrological studies and computations. He investigated the methods of casting a nativity, but a suspicion, or, indeed, rather more than a suspicion, seems to have crossed his mind as to the value of these astrological predictions, for he says in fine, I found astrology to give generally strong conjectural hints, not perfect declarations.

Menzel Donald Howard

From the sheer number of manuscripts and, after 1460, printed astronomical books, astrolabes, dials and artefacts in libraries and museum collections, it is clear that astronomy had a high profile in medieval European culture. It was essential to Church administration, it was a major component of the university curriculum and it even penetrated vernacular literature. It was also suspicious of astrology. Where it differed essentially from the astronomy of the scientific revolution, however, was in its conservative, as opposed to the latter's progressive, approach. Without an already established astronomical culture, the developments of renaissance astronomy could not have taken place.

The Origins

However that may be, it stands to reason that alchemy appeared soon after the discovery of fire. It probably took our early ancestors a long time to tame fire. Eventually they did so, but their relation with it was always that with a friend-enemy fire helped them in many things, to get light and heat, to make certain foods eatable, to reclaim land, and yet it could not be touched, and if left to itself it could cause disasters and suffering. It is not surprising, therefore, that it should be considered in a way sacred, something of which humanity could not freely dispose. The myth of Prometheus, the giant who stole fire from the gods and was cruelly punished, reveals that mankind, in its mythopoeic age, was already conscious of that double nature of fire, and feared the consequences of using it against the will of the gods. This feeling of strangeness was reinforced by the realization that fire opened the way toward the knowledge of the most recondite secrets of nature. As with...

Wilder ideas

In spite of the popularization of Jung's ideas by Arthur Koestler in his book The Roots of Coincidence,9 synchronicity has not been taken seriously by scientists. Probably this is because much of the evidence which Jung presented drew upon discredited subjects like astrology and extrasensory perception. Most scientists prefer to regard stories of remarkable coincidences as a selection effect we remember the occasional unexpected conjunction of events, but forget the myriad of unremarkable events that happen all the time. For every dream that comes true there are millions that do not. From time to time the odd dream must come true, and that will be the one which is remembered.

An Eclipse Whodunit

In this book we have examined both the astronomy and the history of eclipses and seen along the way that these natural phenomena occasionally have represented pivotal junctures in the development of civilization. The interpretation of eclipses affected the outcome of strategic battles in ancient times, and even today these celestial events are regarded superstitiously by many. Witness the way in which they are noted in newspaper astrology columns, and how the lunar and solar eclipses in January and June 2001 prompted civil unrest in Africa.

They Are Everywhere

I think we sometimes confuse interest with belief and overestimate the extent and danger of public gullibility on this issue. I like reading my daily astrology message but that doesn't mean that I think it works. Everyone who collects alien books and conspiracies is not necessarily a true believer.


Named in honor of Wilhelm Seggewiss (1937- ), since 1995 head of the Hoher List Observatory, on the occasion of his 60th birthday. He works mainly on Wolf-Rayet stars and related topics. In 1981 he became a professor of astronomy at the University of Bonn. Seggewiss regularly gives lectures about subjects such as the history of the calendar and astrology, in order to put them in a proper perspective. (M 30801)

Brahes Legacy

Unwelcome in Denmark, he and his entourage of family, servants, instruments, and manuscripts took to traveling. In 1598, in Wandsburg, Germany, Tycho published a book he had started at Uraniborg titled Astronomiae instauratae mechanica (The new astronomy's instrumentology) containing his autobiography and descriptions and pictures of his instruments and buildings on Hven. Finally, in 1599, Brahe moved to Prague to take the seat as chief mathematician and astronomer to Emperor Rudolph II, who loved anything to do with astrology, mysticism, and the secrets of the universe. The emperor offered Brahe a castle and an income of such worth it caused unrest with the nobles who had served the court for years and did not make nearly as much as this new Danish fortune-teller, a name often used to refer to astrologers.

The Tetrabiblos

Ptolemy published another work relevant to cosmology, the Tetrabiblos, which deals with the influence of the celestial bodies on events on Earth. Astrology as a subject emerged in the later part of Greek antiquity, during the Roman Imperial period in the second century b.c. Earlier Greek thinkers such as Aristotle evinced no interest at all in astronomical prognostication. The popularity of astrology in the time of Ptolemy was connected to the emergence of Stoic philosophy and the Stoic concept of cosmic sympathy and belief in the interconnectedness of everything in the universe. The Tetrabiblos consists of the recitation of conventional beliefs rather than an exposition of reasoned doctrine or the derivation of theses. A prominent topic is what is known as judicial astrology, also known as horoscopic astrology, involving astronomical prognostication for an individual based on the position of the planetary bodies at the time of birth. Although it is difficult to gauge the level of...


The most distinctive constellation in the sky is probably Orion. Furthermore, since Orion lies on the celestial equator everyone on Earth can see it. Most people, however, probably associate constellations with the zodiac. This is a collection of constellations that happen to lie on the ecliptic, i.e. on the Sun's apparent path through the sky during the year. They are known collectively as the zodiac because all but one of them has been named after a creature. The astrologers of ancient Mesopotamia divided the ecliptic into 12 constellations. Since that time, however, astronomers have made various adjustments to the original scheme and in modern maps of the sky the ecliptic passes through 13 constellations. The thirteenth constellation, which is not recognised in astrology, is Ophiuchus and lies between Scorpius and Sagittarius. Many of the zodiacal constellations are quite difficult to see in their entirety with the naked eye since they all contain several faint stars.

Deus Ex Machina

Planispheres and astrolabes were used extensively by astrologers in medieval Europe to construct horoscopes (Figure 1.3). Although we now know that astrology is pseudoscience, without any scientific merit, there was no shortage of eminent practitioners in the West who combined astrology with their more serious astronomical pursuits. For example, Johannes Kepler (1571-1630), brilliant mathematician and originator of the laws of planetary motion, was convinced of the merits of astrology and devised his own system based upon harmonic theory. Some 800 horoscopes formulated by Kepler are still in existence, and certain lucky predictions for the year 1595 - including foretelling a peasants' revolt, forebodings of incursions by the Ottoman Empire in the east, and predictions of a spell of bitter cold - brought his astrological talents into great renown.

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