Common names of flora and fauna

This list is provided to illustrate the occurrence of the wide diversity of species that inhabit the Sonoran Desert and is not meant as a comprehensive list of all flora and fauna found in the vicinity. Readers are encouraged to seek more information using field guides and other scientific references, obey laws and regulations regarding the protection and conservation of all species, especially those threatened, endangered and/or sensitive species and their habits, respect land ownership with regard to access restrictions, and employ caution when conducting field searches as many species are poisonous, venomous, have spines or are otherwise unwise to handle or approach.

Trees

Alligator juniper Alpine fir Anion alder Apache pine Arizona cypress Arizona madrone Arizona sycamore Arizona walnut Arizona white oak Bigtooth maple Blue paloverde Bristlecone pine California fan palm Chihuahua pine Colorado pine Common chokecherry Desert willow Douglas fir Emory oak

Engelmann spruce Foothill paloverde Fremont cottonwood Gambel oak Gooding willow Gray oak Honey mesquite Inland boxelder Ironwood Joshua tree Limber pine Mexican blue oak Mexican pinyon Narrowleaf cottonwood Narrowleaf hoptree Netleaf hackberry New Mexican locust One-seed juniper Ponderosa pine Quaking aspen

Rocky Mountain juniper Rocky Mountain maple Screwbean mesquite Silverleaf pinyon Utah juniper Velvet ash

Western cottonwood White fir

Bushes

Broom snakeweed Bursage

Catclaw mimosa Cliffrose Creosote Desert ceanothus Desert marigold False mesquite Manzanita Mountain mahogany

Shrubby buckwheat

Other plants

Southwest white

Sumac

Agave

shooting star

Turpentine bush

Beabalm

Thistle

Whitethorn acacia

Beargrass

Western wallflower

Cacti

Bladderpod

Wild cosmos

Blue mustard

Wild geranium

Cholla

Brittlebush

Wild onion

Buckhorn

Broomrape

Yellow trumpet flower

Cane

Buckwheat

Yucca

Diamond

Chaenactis

Desert Christmas

Common milkweed

Fungi

Jumping

Coral bells

Asterus

Pencil

Coyote mint

Boletus

Silver

Cream cups

Bovista

Staghorn

Datura

Calvatia

Teddy bear

Desert lilly

Clitocybe

Prickly pear

Evening primrose

Coprinus

Beavertail

Fair dusters

Russla

Purple

Globe mallow

Tricholma

Flapjack

Goldeneye

Birds

Sprawling

Gray indigobush

Engelmann's

Hummingbird bush

Acorn woodpecker

Pincushions

Indian paintbrush

Allen's hummingbird

Cream

Jimsonweed

American kestrel

Fishhook

Lupine

Anna's hummingbird

Thornbear's

Marigold

Ash-throated flycatcher

Cereus

Mariposa lilly

Barn owl

Saguaro

Morning clammyweed

Black-chinned

Senita

Morning glory

hummingbird

Organ pipe

Mountain mist

Black-tailed gnatcatcher

Barrel

Owl clover

Blue-throated

Coville's

Penstemon

hummingbird

Compass

Phacelia

Bridled titmouse

Fishhook

Prickly poppy

Broad-billed

Hedgehog

Rabbitbush

hummingbird

Arizona rainbow

Rocky mountain bee

Broad-tailed

Engelmann's

plant

hummingbird

Fendler's

Scarlet creeper

Bullock's oriole

Fasciculatus

Snakeweed

Bushtits

Cactus wren Calliope hummingbird Canyon towhee Canyon wren Common flicker Common raven Common whipperwill Cooper's hawk Costa's hummingbird Cowbirds

Curve-billed thrasher Elegant trogon Elf owl Finches Gambel's quail Gila woodpecker Gilded flicker Gnatcatchers Golden eagle Great-horned owl Grosbeaks Hepatic tanager Hooded oriole Juncos

Lesser nighthawk Loggerhead shrike Magnificent hummingbird Mexican jay Mockingbird Montezuma quail Mourning dove Myrtle warbler Northern cardinal Peregrine falcon Phainopepla Poor-will Purple martin Pyrrhuloxia

Red-tailed hawk Roadrunner Rock wren

Rufous hummingbird

Scott's oriole

Screech owl

Sparrow hawk

Sparrows

Starling

Stellar's jay

Turkey vulture

Verdin

Warblers

White-eared hummingbird White-winged dove

Mammals

Bats

Hoary Hog-nose Long-nose Pallid

Rabbit-eared

Western mastiff

Western pipistrelle

Carnivores/Omnivores

Badger

Bobcat

Coatimundi

Coyote

Gray fox

Hognose skunk

Jaguar

Mountain lion Raccoon Ringtail cat Spotted skunk Striped skunk

Hares/Rabbits Antelope jack rabbit Black-tailed jack rabbit Desert cottontail Hoofed Animals Desert bighorn sheep Javelina Mule deer Pronghorn antelope Rodents

Cactus mouse Desert kangaroo rat Desert pocket mouse Desert woodrat Harris' ground squirrel Merriam's kangaroo rat Pocket gopher Rock pocket mouse Rock squirrel Roundtail ground squirrel Southern grasshopper mouse Valley pocket gopher Western gray squirrel

Reptiles

Snakes Arizona coral Banded sand Blackheaded Blackneck garter Blacktail rattlesnake Checkered garter Coachwhip Common kingsnake Corral snake Glossy snake Gopher snake

Longnose snake

Collared

Giant desert hairy

Lyre snake

Chuckwalla

scorpion

Mojave rattlesnake

Fringe-toed

Giant mesquite bug

Night snake

Gila monster

Giant millipede

Ridgenose rattlesnake

Toads

Horse lubber

Ringneck snake

Couch's spadefoot

Jerusalem cricket

Rock rattlesnake

Colorado River

Killer bees

Rosy boa

Frogs

Mesquite girdler

Saddled leafnose

Bullfrog

Monarch butterfly

Sidewinder

Leopard

Potter wasp

Sonoran mountain

Tree

Praying mantis

kingsnake

Prionus beetle

Sonoran whipsnake

Insects and spiders

Puss caterpillar

Tiger rattlesnake

Ant lion

Riparian earwig

Twin-spotted

Arizona recluse spider

Robber fly

rattlesnake

Bark scorpion

Solpugid

Western blind snake

Black widow spider

Stripe-tailed

Western diamondback

Blister beetle

scorpion

rattlesnake

Carpenter bee

Tarantula

Western hognose snake

Cholla beetle

Tarantula hawk

Western patchnose

Cicada

Trapdoor spider

snake

Cicada killer

Velvet ant

Western rattlesnake

Conenose bug

Vinegaroon

Lizards

Dung beetle

Walking stick

Banded gecko

Giant desert centipede

Wasps

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