References and Acknowledgments

Quote on page 3-1 by Einstein to a group of reporters in 1921 who asked him for a short explanation of relativity. Quoted in Ronald W. Clark, Einstein, The Life and Times, Avon Books, New York, 1971 (paperback edition), page 469.

This chapter owes a large intellectual debt in ideas, figures, and text to Gravitation by Charles W. Misner, Kip S. Thorne, and John Archibald Wheeler, W. H. Freeman and Company, San Francisco (now New York), 1973. At least one paragraph is quoted from A Journey into Gravity and Spacetime by John Archibald Wheeler, W. H. Freeman and Company, New York, 1990. In addition, our treatment was helped by reference to "Nonro-tating and Slowly Rotating Holes" by Douglas A. Macdonald, Richard H. Price, Wai-Mo Suen, and Kip S. Thorne in the book Black Holes: The Membrane Paradigm, edited by Kip S. Thorne, Richard H. Price, and Douglas A. Macdonald, Yale University Press, New Haven, 1986.

References for the box "More about the Black Hole." This box is excerpted in part from John Archibald Wheeler, "The Lesson of the Black Hole," Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society, Volume 125, Number 1, pages 25-37 (February 1981); J. Michell, Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society, London, Volume 74, pages 35-37 (1784), cited and discussed in S. Schaffer, "John Michell and Black Holes," Journal for the History of Astronomy, Volume 10, pages 42-43 (1979); P.-S. Laplace, Exposition du systeme du monde, Volume 2 (Cercle-Social, Paris, 1795), modern English translation in S. W. Hawking and G. F. R. Ellis, The Large Scale Structure of Space-Time, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, U.K., 1973, pages 365-368; J. R. Oppenheimer and H. Snyder, Physical Review, Volume 56, pages 455-459 (1939) (published the day World War II began), quoted in Stuart L. Shapiro and Saul A. Teukolsky, Black Holes, White Dwarfs, and Neutron Stars: The Physics of Compact Objects, John Wiley and Sons, New York, 1983, page 338; R. P. Kerr, Physical Review Letters, Volume 11, pages 237-238 (1963); E. T. Newman, E. Couch, K. Chinnapared, A. Exton, A. Prakash, and R. Torrence, Journal of Mathematical Physics, Volume 6, pages 918-919 (1965); S. W. Hawking "Black Hole Explosions?" Nature, Volume 248, pages 30-31 (1 March 1974); See also Black Holes: Selected Reprints, edited by Steven Detweiler, American Association of Physics Teachers, New York, December 1982, which includes reprints of papers by John Michell, Karl Schwarzschild, S. Chandrasekhar, J. Robert Oppenheimer, and H. Snyder, Roy P. Kerr, S. W. Hawking, etc.

Porus Lakdawala suggested the exercise on light speed for the fastest possible stone. Rae Yip suggested the exercise on Newton approximation of the energy of a plunging stone.

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