In the Southern Hemisphere

Using their myths and imaginations Greek and Arab astronomers gave picturesque names to stars and constellations. When western navigators reached the South Sea they ignored the names the Polynesians wove round their stars and gave the stars boring Latin names such as Acrux which is short for Alpha Crux instead of the Polynesians' more evocative Ka Mole Honua which means the Foundation of the Earth.

The southern hemisphere has no equivalent to Polaris and finding north from the stars is more difficult. Find the Southern Cross (shown in Figure 8.13) identify the long axis of the cross and extend it by drawing an imaginary line across the sky for five times the length of the long axis. You are now facing due south.

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