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were consequences of the omnipresence and eternity of God, and so Newton regarded this velocity as being relative to absolute space but knew that there was no way actually of determining whether a body was at rest in this fixed frame of reference:

Moreover, absolute and relative rest and motion are distinguished from each other by their properties, causes, and effects. It is a property of rest that bodies truly at rest are at rest in relation to one another. And therefore, since it is possible that some body in the regions of the fixed stars or far beyond is absolutely at rest, and yet it cannot be known from the position of bodies in relation to one another in our regions whether or not any of these maintains a given position with relation to that distant body, true rest cannot be defined on the basis of the position of bodies in

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