Develop Charisma and Become More Likable

Likeability Blueprint

Have you ever wondered why more people don't like you as much as you feel they should? Are you a nice person that simply doesn't get the attention and love from other people that you should? Believe it or not, this is not your fault, and it's nothing about you! All you have to do is find the method to use with people to make them like you, and have NO idea why they like you so much. The method is called Automagnetism. Automagnetism is the way that you carry yourself that suggests things to people's minds that makes them like you without ever knowing way. You will be able to set yourself apart once you use the Likeability Blueprint; people won't know what hit them! All that it takes is a little bit of solid effort, and you can be on your way to getting people all over the place to like you! Read more here...

Likeability Blueprint Overview


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Highly Recommended

It is pricier than all the other books out there, but it is produced by a true expert and includes a bundle of useful tools.

In addition to being effective and its great ease of use, this eBook makes worth every penny of its price.

Minimum Fireballs and Shadowcasters

Now ratchet up the brilliance a few major notches from this minimum example. I think of some of my most memorable fireballs. Two of them were just the best of many in an incredible display of all-bright Leonid meteors in the only clear (and moonless) hour one night in 1998. I'm pretty sure that was the night I first started using the term shadowcasters. The Leonids are among the fastest of meteors, and the brightest one that night not only lit the ground but it also flared with frighteningly fluctuating and flashing light as it flew high over me on the remote stretch of country road where I stood. I am not speaking exaggeratedly or metaphorically when I say it was flashing like lightning. It actually was, on a November night of tranquil weather, like suddenly experiencing moderately close multiple-pulse lightning. It was so startling that I couldn't help but have a brief reaction of fear mixed in with my overwhelming and triumphant wonder and admiration. Not many minutes (but several...

Hipparchus Discovers the Slow Wobbling of the Celestial Sphere

Later Pliny the Elder (AD 23-79), the Roman writer, expressed his admiration for Hipparchus' catalog He made something that would be courageous even for the gods - he counted the stars and constellations, with future generations in mind, and gave them names. For this purpose he built instruments, with which he determined the location and size of each star. Thanks to this it will be easy to learn, not only if stars are born or if they die, but also if they move away from their positions and if their light grows brighter or fainter.

Illustrious Members of the Host

And to the upper right of Orion, supposedly facing the Hunter in fearsome conflict, is Taurus the Bull. Taurus has two stars to mark the tips of his long horns (one of these stars is borrowed by Auriga to help form the desired pentagon of stars that is the main pattern of Auriga). But Taurus draws looks and expressions of admiration mostly because of its two great star clusters and its 1st-magnitude orange star Aldebaran. Aldebaran forms a dramatic V- or arrowhead shape with the large cluster called the Hyades (see Sight 25), even though Aldebaran is really much closer than the cluster. Aldebaran marks the Bull's Eye, and the rest of the V, formed by the brightest Hyades stars, outlines Taurus's handsome face. To the upper right from the Hyades is one of the most lovely sights in all of astronomy the Pleiades or Seven Sisters star cluster (see Sight 26). The main stars of the Pleiades form a tiny dipper that is much richer than the sprawling Hyades.

Sergei Pavlovich Korolev 19061966

A brilliant engineer and a charismatic manager, Korolev resumed his work on rockets and ultimately organized the Soviet ballistic missile and space programs. His first rockets were improved versions of the captured German V-2 rocket, but in 1954 he began work on the first Soviet intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM). Because the Soviet Union had only primitive nuclear devices, Korolev had to develop very powerful rockets to carry the heavy weapons. The first ICBM, the R-7, could carry a 5,000-kilogram payload across continental distances (i.e., more than 5,000 kilometers). Korolev also realized that his powerful new rocket could easily place massive payloads into low Earth orbit.

Some More Gee Whiz Information About the Space Shuttle

The shuttle has three liquid-fueled SSMEs, and the description of the attributes of just one of these fills me with admiration for the engineers who have transformed the concept into reality The combustion chamber operates routinely at a temperature of around 3300 C, which is approximately twice the melting point of steel. To get the high exhaust velocity, the combustion chamber pressure is equivalent to about 200 times atmospheric pressure. With this magnitude of pressure, the propellant feed system has to be substantial to be able to push the fuel and oxidizer into the chamber against that pressure. The turbopumps that perform this function rotate at about 37,000 rpm to provide chamber inlet pressures of 305 atmospheres for the liquid oxygen and 420 atmospheres for the liquid hydrogen, with a total fuel flow rate of 470 kg sec nearly half a metric tonne a second The resulting thrust level is around 2 MN, with a nozzle exhaust velocity of roughly 4500 m sec (14,800 feet sec).

An Artistic Geometry of Stellar Beauty

So dependably sets the mind into a state of wondering admiration. There is a Orion. powerful simplicity about a view of a single bright star like Sirius. But the contemplation of Orion is richer and usually longer because there are a number of component stars and parts that make up the entirety of the Hunter. Let me try to describe and explain.

Hawking in Perspective

Of course, there is an obvious additional factor in the case of Hawking. Nobody with a spark of humanity could fail to respond to his appearance without sympathy and admiration for his courage and resilience. When he was diagnosed with his illness in 1962, doctors gave him two years to live. Now, in 1999, he is 57 years old and still an active and productive research scientist. This is testament to a remarkable individual, but

The Genius Of William Herschel

Sense approach to the science occasionally led him astray, but his ideas were original and many have been proved to be correct. Nearly all of his published papers were destined to influence the trend of European scientific progress. Many years later, Johann Louis Emil Dreyer, author of A New General Catalogue of Nebulae and Clusters of Stars, wrote, The genius of Herschel, which acknowledged no boundaries to its explorations, planned work on original lines and found no untrodden paths. Herschel carefully preserved all the letters he received from his colleagues, and they show the universal admiration and respect in which he was held. Gradually all the learned societies and academies of Europe enrolled William Herschel as a member. In 1816 Herschel was knighted by the Prince Regent for his scientific accomplishments, and in 1820 he was nominated as the first President of The Royal Astronomical Society (originally the Astronomical Society of London). Author's Note In 1987 I started to...

The Rocky Mountain Eclipse of 1878

Indeed many then, as now, regarded the splendor of the skies as being manifestations of their religious beliefs. As one writer put it Science and general education have banished all the dread these events inspired. Announced with exhaustive accuracy before their coming, fear has given way to admiration at the fixed laws, the order, the harmony of God's workings, where once ignorance anticipated accident, the coming of disasters, and tokens of the anger and wrath of the Creator.

Space entrepreneur analysis

Entrepreneurs, often working out of their garages, built the global, high-tech industries. And it appears now the same is happening with regard to space enterprise. Entrepreneurialism is a manifestation of the innate human sense of curiosity and discovery. In his book, The Discovers, historian Daniel Boorstin expressed admiration for the amateur or expert willing to try something new 7 Every true discoverer

Your Most Unfortunate Servant

Halley's sentiments were soon echoed by others. From Scotland the noted mathematics professor David Gregory wrote Newton that you justly deserve the admiration of the best Geometers and Naturalists, in this and all succeeding ages.1 A stunned French mathematician, the Marquis de l'H pital, asked

Star streaming and the plan of selected areas

To the astonishment and admiration of his peers, Kapteyn revealed during his scheduled presentation his finding that the motion of stars was not random. He had plotted the stars' motions as vectors on a diagram of the sky. The pattern he pointed to reflected, first, the well-known effect of the Sun's motion in space, which causes the stars to appear to sweep away from the direction in which the Sun is headed. This motion was not expected to be random. It is simply analogous to the apparent backward motion of trees and buildings when we see them from a train moving forward.

How this atlas was done

Choice of film was the next great debate. The authors have great admiration for the high-resolution photographic work of the famous French astrophotographer, Jean Dragesco and were haunted by a statement on page 49 of his book, High Resolution Photography, where he writes, 'I am hardly a supporter of colour photography when it comes to high resolution work colour films (be they colour negatives or transparencies) have inadequate contrast and inferior resolving power.' Although the authors were painfully aware that Kodak's TP2415 is the film of choice for high-resolution lunar photography, we finally and with great reluctance chose another film. Essentially, we wanted colour images of the Moon that would match the naked-eye view as closely as possible. Also, the availability of TP2415 locally was a problem, as was the developing of TP2415, since none of the authors owned or had access to darkroom facilities. Our experience with a limited number of rolls of hypered and unhypered TP2415...

Why study particle physics

Everyone has, at some time, experienced the inner glow that comes from solving a puzzle. This can take many forms, such as maintaining a car, producing a difficult recipe, solving a jigsaw puzzle, etc. Scientists are people for whom this feeling is highly magnified. Partly this is because they are up against the ultimate puzzle. As a practising and unrepentant physicist I can testify to the feeling that comes from prising open the door of nature by even a small crack and understanding something new for the first time. When such an understanding is achieved the feeling is one of personal satisfaction, but also an admiration for the puzzle itself. Few of us are privileged enough to get a glimpse through a half-open door, like an Einstein or a Hawking, but we can all look over their shoulders. The works of the truly great scientists are part of our culture and should be treated like any great artistic creation. Such work demands the support of society.

The Discussions on Epistemological Problems

Niels Bohr had met Albert Einstein for the first time in April 1920 on the occasion of his visit to Berlin to address a meeting of the German Physical Society, and he recalled that 'these fundamental questions formed the theme of our conversations. The discussions, to which I have often reverted in my thoughts, added to all my admiration for Einstein a deep impression of his detached attitude.'218 By 'these fundamental questions' Bohr referred to the statistical nature of the laws describing the elementary atomic processes, as, for instance, expressed in Einstein's 1916 17 papers on the absorption and emission of radiation by atoms. But already at that time Bohr noted that 'a certain difference in attitude and outlook remained,

C3 Future Development Of Simulants C31 Ongoing research

Several properties of lunar dust and soil have not been incorporated into the existing simulants. These include electrostatic and magnetic properties, the friability9 of agglutinates,5 single-domain iron,10 and the presence of implanted solar wind gases. Of these characteristics, agglutinates and single-domain iron seem most immediately useful, because agglutinates comprise an average of 50 percent by weight of lunar soils, and the iron droplets on their surfaces give the particles unique properties with respect to microwave and magnetic susceptibility. ORBITEC has begun developing simulated agglutinates with single-domain iron under a NASA contract (Gustafson et al., 2006). If successful, this research will enhance the fidelity of future regolith simulants. Preliminary results are promising, with the creation of grains that mimic the physical appearance of lunar agglutinates (Figure C.2).


Fred Felberg to Murray, 23 June 1975 ( JPL 8, 1 34) on lab leadership, see Charles Thorpe and Steven Shapin, Who was J. Robert Oppenheimer Charisma and complex organization, Social Studies of Science 30 4 (2000) 545-90 Catherine Westfall, A tale of two more laboratories Readying for research at Fermilab and Jefferson Laboratory, HSPS 32 2 (2002) 369-407.

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In 1960, Evans was the director of the Sacramento Peak Observatory, a solar observatory in the mountains of southern New Mexico. He had studied astronomy at Harvard College Observatory under the guidance of its charismatic director, Harlow Shapley. Upon receiving his doctorate in 1938, Evans taught astronomy for a year at Mills College in Oakland, California. Then, with the outbreak of World War II, he joined a team at the University of Rochester to design a variety of optical instruments for the military. This experience was crucial because it showed him that he had a gift for invention.

Launch Complex

Debus became evident as he moved out of the shadow of the more charismatic von Braun. A doctor of philosophy in engineering from Darmstadt University, Debus had been headed for a professor's chair when he was recruited into the Peenemunde group. Debus was a systematic man he kept a daily journal and believed a well-ordered desk was a sign of an orderly mind. On his monthly inspections, he might help a subordinate clear his desk of nonessentials or he would do it himself if the man was away at the time. He purged his own files regularly.

The political Push

If your country was the first to land something on the Moon, you would make the international newspaper headlines and gain the admiration of the world, even if your probe hardly carried any scientific instruments. In the early stages of spaceflight, merely hitting the Moon was a major achievement, and one that could be exploited politically. The Soviet Union and America both tried to show the rest of the world that their social and economic systems were the best. One way of proving that was by superior technical achievements, such as landing on the Moon or flying past Mars.

Atomic Structure

The recognition that stars and other objects in the Universe are constituted of the same elements and atoms as in the laboratory opened the doors to modern astronomy and to the study of the material constituency of the heavens. As Helmholtz put it, It had in fact most extraordinary consequences of the most palpable kind, and has become of the highest importance for all branches of natural science. It has excited the admiration and stimulated the fancy of men as hardly any other discovery has done, because it has permitted an insight into worlds that

Lowells Martians

Shortly after returning to Boston in 1893, Lowell learned of the telescopic observations of the Italian astronomer Giovanni Schiaparelli, who, in 1877, had drawn maps of Mars with unprecedented detail, showing a network of straight lines that he called canals. Schiaparelli's canals sparked the imagination of Percival Lowell, who began to conceive a way of confirming his cosmic vision of abundant life and intelligence. It did not take him long to throw together a well-financed (with Lowell family money) expedition of Harvard astronomers to Arizona in search of an ideal high-altitude site to build a new observatory. He chose a forested hill at seven thousand feet on the outskirts of Flagstaff, where today the Lowell Observatory remains one of the premier American institutes of planetary research. Charismatic, and fabulously wealthy, Lowell had the means to build an observatory, but he lacked the patience and objectivity of a great observer. He arrived in Flagstaff to begin his...

Years of Progress

Toward the end of the sixteenth century, Tycho closed his observatory and moved to Prague, where he was appointed imperial mathematician, the most prestigious mathematics position in Europe. In 1600 he invited German scientist Johannes Kepler to become his assistant. Unlike Tycho, Kepler firmly believed in Copernicus's theory about a heliocentric universe. In spite of their difference of opinion, however, Kepler had a great deal of respect and admiration for Tycho, so he accepted the offer and joined him in Prague. He then began to work on studying the orbit of Mars.

The First EviDENce

Edwin Powell Hubble, born in 1889, was of a distinctly American bent. He went to college at the University of Chicago, studying astronomy and math. He was athletic, confident, and charismatic everyone was charmed by him. American science was just coming into its own, and this overconfident, gregarious personality would become something of a stereotype of the great U.S. scientists over the next few decades. Hubble attended school when it was just becoming acceptable for scientists to study in the United States instead of at the traditional German or English universities. As it was, Hubble did get in a year at Oxford in 1912 when he was a Rhodes scholar. His adviser wrote in his report that while Hubble would get an A, I didn't care very much for his manner. Hubble's charisma must have seemed overbearing to the more reserved British professor.

Ldef Comes Home

''You've made many scientists very happy their LDEF experiments are finally coming home,'' replied Capcom Jernigan over the sound of applause in Mission Control. It was the first of many accolades for Columbia's crew that day. Lead Flight Director Al Pennington called it ''the culmination of a lot of work by a lot of people'', while NASA Administrator Dick Truly - who had first put the RMS through its paces as an astronaut himself more than eight years earlier - expressed his admiration as he ''watched America's space programme at its best''.

Seven face the press

From the start, NASA was careful to court the press and public with carefully arranged photo opportunities and announcements designed to keep interest high. The seven were photographed in their futuristic silver spacesuits, on survival exercises in the desert, and inspecting prototypes under construction at the McDonnell factory. While most of the candidates were taciturn military men, Glenn stood out in the media as the most charismatic and self-deprecating of the group. However, competition among the seven was intense - when asked at that

A saga of delays

Glenn (b.1921) was militarily the senior member of the Mercury seven, a highly decorated captain in the Marine Corps with experience in the Second World War and the Korean War. His charismatic personality made him a particular media favourite among the seven, and after his return to Earth he retired from NASA to follow a career in business and politics, eventually as Democratic Senator for Ohio (1975-1999). In 1998 he finally returned to orbit at the age of 77, becoming the oldest person to travel in space during a nine-day mission aboard the Space Shuttle Discovery (see p.207).


Here the young philosopher obtained some inkling of mathematics, whereupon he became so much interested in this branch of science, that he begged to be allowed to study geometry. In compliance with his request, his father permitted a tutor to be engaged for this purpose but he did so with reluctance, fearing that the attention of the young student might thus be withdrawn from that medical work which was regarded as his primary occupation. The event speedily proved that these anxieties were not without some justification. The propositions of Euclid proved so engrossing to Galileo that it was thought wise to avoid further distraction by terminating the mathematical tutor's engagement. But it was too late for the desired end to be attained. Galileo had now made such progress that he was able to continue his geometrical studies by himself. Presently he advanced to that famous 47th proposition which won his lively admiration, and on he went until he had mastered the six books of Euclid,...

Orbits and Forces

Planets moved in empty space, supported by forces, and following what we with admiration refer to as Kepler's Laws. In his study of these regularities and in his search for the harmony of the universe Kepler was a predecessor of modern cosmologists and theoretical physicists. When Newton developed his mechanics and theory of gravitation, he said that to accomplish this, he stood on the shoulders of giants. One was Kepler and the other was Galileo, whom we will discuss next.

Jobs on the line

Chapman continues ''I believed then, and still do, that pilot training is very useful. Like space flight, flying is an activity that is not normally dangerous, but it is intolerant of mistakes. If you do the wrong thing, you die. Flying thus teaches you to be calm under time-critical stress - or, rather, to postpone the panic attack until you are safely on the ground. I had nothing but admiration and respect for the coolness shown by pilots such as Neil Armstrong, and by the entire crew of Apollo 13.''


For seven cautious years he channeled his efforts into less perilous pursuits, such as harnessing hisJovian satellites in the service of navigation to help sailors discover their longitude at sea. He studied poetry and wrote literary criticism. Modifying his telescope, he developed a compound microscope. I have observed many tiny animals with great admiration, he reported, among which the flea is quite horrible, the gnat and the moth very beautiful and with great satisfaction I have seen how flies and other little animals can walk attached to mirrors, upside down. found a reason to turn his attention back to the sun-centered universe. The old pope had died, and a friend of Galileo's, Cardinal Maffeo Barberini, had ascended the throne of Saint Peter to become Pope Urban VIII. Years earlier, Galileo had demonstrated his telescope to him, and the two had even taken the same side one night in a debate on the nature of buoyancy at the Florentine court. Urban, for his part, had shown his...


Named in honor of Moustafa Chahine, chief scientist of the Jet Propulsion Laboratory, where he coordinates the research of scientists on the world's foremost unmanned space probes. His own scientific research is in the field of atmospheric science and of remote sensing, both of which have advanced by his innovations and insight. His most recent involvement is in the project Mission to Planet Earth. Chahine possesses that rare quality that combines exceptional scientific and administrative skills. His friends and colleagues have the greatest respect and admiration for his remarkable sensitivity, vision and outstanding leadership. (M 15427)


Named in memory of the great Belgian composer Caesar Franck (1822-1890), well known for his piano and organ works and beautiful symphony in D minor. His ancestry included members of the famous school of Wallonian painters, and his admiration for them influenced his way of composing - as a musician painter. After only a year's study in Paris he received grand prix d'honneur for piano, and a few years later the first prize for fugue, the art of which in France he restored following a lengthy period of discredit. For organ he achieved only the second prize, because the jury was not inclined to accept his genial and daring way of combining the theme of the fugue with the free theme cyclic principle. Appointed organist at St. Clothilde in 1859, he became a master in the art of improvisation. (M 17467) Name endorsed by J. Vanvinckenroye.

Lucretius Carus

Named for the Latin philosopher and poet Titus Lucretius Carus. He was born around 90 B.C., probably in Rome, and he is known from his De rerum natura, a long poem written in Latin hexameters. In this he expounds on the physical theory of the Greek philosopher Epicurus see planet (5954) , of whom he speaks with great admiration. The third part of the poem deals with atomic structure and the mortality of the soul, the latter with the famous words 'Death means nothing to us'. (M 25445) Lucretius is also honored by a lunar crater.


With an armament of mathematical methods which had been perfected since the days of Newton by the labours of two or three generations of consummate mathematical inventors, Laplace essayed in the Mecanique Celeste to unravel the mysteries of the heavens. It will hardly be disputed that the book which he has produced is one of the most difficult books to understand that has ever been written. In great part, of course, this difficulty arises from the very nature of the subject, and is so far unavoidable. No one need attempt to read the Mecanique Celeste who has not been naturally endowed with considerable mathematical aptitude which he has cultivated by years of assiduous study. The critic will also note that there are grave defects in Laplace's method of treatment. The style is often extremely obscure, and the author frequently leaves great gaps in his argument, to the sad discomfiture of his reader. Nor does it mend matters to say, as Laplace often does say, that it is easy to see how...

The Chief Designer

A charismatic but demanding figure to those who worked under him, Korolev was driven by dreams of manned spaceflight. However, his experiences in the Gulag made him slow to trust, and he had little time for those he considered liars, which led to many personality clashes as he manoeuvred his way through the Soviet political system.

On the Revolutions

Nicola Bedord

Fully discussed the whole system of astronomy, and assembled the calculated motions of the wandering stars into tables, to the great admiration of all. Therefore . . . I earnestly and repeatedly beg you to communicate your discovery to enthusiasts and to send me at the first possible opportunity your labors on the sphere of the universe together with the tables.


No man is so utterly dull and obtuse, with head so bent on Earth, as never to lift himself up and rise with all his soul to the contemplation of the starry heavens, especially when some fresh wonder shows a beacon-light in the sky. As long as the ordinary course of heaven runs on, custom robs it of its real size. Such is our constitution that objects of daily occurrence pass us unnoticed even when most worthy of our admiration. On the other hand, the sight even of trifling things is attractive if their appearance is unusual. So this concourse of stars, which paints with beauty the spacious firmament on high, gathers no concourse of the nation. But when there is any change in the wonted order, than all eyes are turned to the sky. So natural is it to admire what is strange rather than what is great.

Brent Tully

Brent Tully Astronomer

His switch to astronomy was partly due to the influence of the cosmologist Fred Hoyle. I loved Hoyle's astronomy books, said Rowan-Robinson. He was at Cambridge when 1 was there and I went to his lectures from time to time. He was a very charismatic figure. Rowan-Robinson worked for William McCrea on a theoretical model of quasars and radio sources while at the University of London.

Rice University

''Curt's ability to think deeply and creatively has earned him the admiration of his fellow physicists. I have often heard him described as 'one of the smartest guys I know'. I share this opinion, and I have said the same. However, I should add that this opinion does not extend to all areas. For example, I would hesitate to take his stockmarket advice.

Permanent Setup

Many people do not have the luxury of an observatory in their garden, or at a local dark site. In these cases they have to limit themselves to smaller aperture telescopes so that they can carry the whole assembly in and out of doors, or to the local dark site. This in itself is a pain, and you will find that you can't be bothered to go to all the trouble of lugging all your equipment outside unless the viewing conditions are perfect, and are likely to remain so all evening. Such conditions are very rare in the U.K. and you will find that your expensive imaging equipment will spend a lot of its life sitting in the corner of the lounge, unused. There are further complications with a non-permanent setup. Every time you take your kit out you will need to do a polar alignment before imaging, and this takes up valuable imaging time. Make no mistake, many people do this, and I have the greatest respect and admiration for their skills, especially since I do polar alignment so rarely it takes...

Schmidt Newtonians

The Schmidt Newtonian telescope (SNT) has always been an also-ran in the CAT popularity contest. Although the design has some real strengths, only Meade has offered serious SNTs to the amateur. Even there, the telescope's popularity has waxed and waned, with Meade discontinuing SNT production in the late 1980s. With the

DNA Fingerprinting

So how does it all work A DNA profile is not a complete map of the entire genetic code contained within the cells of an individual, which would be such an enormous amount of information that it would be impractical to use it in court. Instead, a profile consists of a few (perhaps half-a-dozen) pieces of this information called alleles. An allele is one of the possible codings of DNA of the same gene at a given position (or locus) on one of the chromosomes in a cell. A single gene may, for example, determine the colour of the blossom produced by a flower more often genes act in concert with other genes to determine the physical properties of an organism. The overall physical appearance of an individual organism, that is any of its particular traits, is called the phenotype and it is controlled, at least to some extent, by the set of alleles that the individual possesses. In the simplest cases, however, a single gene controls a given attribute. The gene that controls the colour of a...


Stargazer draws heavily on the published research of Jim Bennett, Ronald S. Brashear, Randall C. Brooks, Allan Chapman, John R. Christianson, Owen Gingerich, Richard F. Harrison, Raymond and Roslynn Haynes, John B. Hearnshaw, Norriss S. Hetherington, Alan W. Hirshfeld, Michael Hoskin, David Leverington, Anita McConnell, Richard McGee, the late Colin A. Ronan, Engel Sluiter, Stuart Talbot, the late Victor E. Thoren, Albert Van Helden, Brian Warner and Ray N. Wilson. To these accomplished historians of astronomy, I express my admiration and gratitude.

Tycho Brahe

It should be noted that Tycho found much to admire in Copernicus's writings on technical astronomy. His admiration was influenced by what he regarded as the appropriate mathematical methods to be used in astronomy. He objected strongly to Ptolemy's use of the equant, the device in which the angular speed of the planetary epicycle is taken as constant with respect to a point slightly offset from the center of the deferent. He approved of Copernicus's move to eliminate the equant and replace it by alternate mechanisms, which mainly consisted of the introduction of secondary epicycles.

William Herschel

This sister, who occupies such a distinct place in scientific history is the same little girl to whom we have already referred. From her earliest days she seems to have cherished a passionate admiration for her brilliant brother William. It was the proudest delight of her childhood as well as of her mature years to render him whatever service she could no man of science was ever provided with a more capable or energetic helper than William Herschel found in this remarkable woman. Whatever work had to be done she was willing to bear her share in it, or even to toil at it unassisted if she could be allowed to do so. She not only managed all his domestic affairs, but in the grinding of the lenses and in the polishing of the mirrors she rendered every assistance that was possible. At one stage of the very delicate operation of fashioning a reflector, it is necessary for the workman to remain with his hand on the mirror for many hours in succession. When such labours were in progress,...

John Herschel

In consequence of this beautiful discovery, the attention of astronomers was directed to the subject of double stars with a degree of interest which these objects had never before excited. It was therefore not unnatural that John Herschel should have been attracted to this branch of astronomical work. Admiration for his father's discovery alone might have suggested that the son should strive to develop this territory newly opened up to research. But it also happened that the mathematical talents of the younger Herschel inclined his inquiries in the same direction. He saw clearly that, when sufficient observations of any particular binary star had been accumulated, it would then be within the power of the mathematician to elicit from those observations the shape and the position in space of the path which each of the revolving stars described around the other. Indeed, in some cases he would be able to perform the astonishing feat of determining from his calculations the weight of these...


Thus we find that Peter the Great was one of his most ardent admirers. He consulted the astronomer on matters connected with shipbuilding, and invited him to his own table. But Halley possessed nobler qualifications than the capacity of pleasing Princes. He was able to excite and to retain the love and admiration of his equals. This was due to the warmth of his attachments, the unselfishness of his devotion to his friends, and to a vein of gaiety and good-humour which pervaded all his conversation.

Birth Of Challenger

Her forward fuselage to be 'cracked open' to remove it for modifications. In July 1981, after its own series of improvements, the aft fuselage returned to Palmdale. In physical appearance, the rebuilt Challenger looked similar to Columbia and Enterprise, at least at first cursory glance. External appearances, though, proved deceptive.

Lunar dust problems

When the landing was delayed by six hours, NASA had seriously considered canceling the third and last EVA. Muehlberger became alarmed, because almost a third of the anticipated science would be lost if this occurred. Geologist Dallas Peck was asked to put together a tiger team to write a report to convince NASA of the importance of retaining the third EVA. The report was effective and in the end, NASA chose only to reduce the EVA by two hours. Still, Young and Duke's third day on the Moon would be no less rewarding and challenging than the first two. While loading the rover, Young had nothing but admiration for the LRV. It had proven utterly reliable, capable of climbing the steepest slopes he dared, had shrugged off the unforgiving lunar landscape with its countless blocks that pounded the suspension and wheels and had continued to perform flawlessly. After outfitting the rover with the needed equipment and initializing the navigation system, the astronauts strapped themselves in and...


This great philosopher shows very ingeniously that the earth must be at the centre of the sphere. He proves that, unless this were the case, each star would not appear to move with the absolute uniformity which does, as a matter of fact, characterise it. In all these reasonings we cannot but have the most profound admiration for the genius of Ptolemy, even though he had made an error so enormous in the fundamental point of the stability of the earth. Another error of a somewhat similar kind seemed to Ptolemy to be demonstrated. He had shown that the earth was an isolated object in space, and being such was, of course, capable of movement. It could either be turned round, or it could be moved from one place to another. We know that Ptolemy deliberately adopted the view that the earth did not turn round he had then to investigate the other question, as to whether the earth was animated by any movement of translation. He came to the conclusion that to attribute any motion to the earth...

The Power Of Charisma

The Power Of Charisma

You knowthere's something about you I like. I can't put my finger on it and it's not just the fact that you will download this ebook but there's something about you that makes you attractive.

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