A

Figure 6.28. Stonehenge on Salisbury Plain in southern England as seen from (a) the East, (b) the ENE, and (c) the NNE permits the intact portions of the trilithons to be identified. Photos by Marie C. Jack.

Table 6.3. The chronology of Stonehenge.

Dates b.c.

Raw C14 datea (corrected date)

Source of C14 date

Features

Stonehenge Ia 3200-2700

Stonehenge Ib 2700-2200

Antlers at ditch bottom Mean of two antlers

Charcoal in Aubrey Hole

Bank, Ditch;possible hut in center;Causeway postholes.

Aubrey Holes;Heel Stone in place.

Stonehenge II 2200-2000

1728 ± 68 (2130) 1765 ± 70 (2180) 1720 ± 150 (2120)

Antler from avenue ditch Skeleton from ditch Antler near sarsen trilithon Antler in "R" Hole

Four Station stones (91-94). Erection of bluestones in two (later abandoned) circles ("Q and 'R' Holes);first part of avenue.

Stonehenge IIIa-b 2000-1550

Antler in erection ramp of Sarsen Stone 56

Antler from bottom of Y hole

Transport of Sarsen Stones to site;Dismantling of Q and R bluestone circles;Sarsen circle, trilithons, Slaughter & other Portal Stones in place.

Dressed bluestones tooled and erected; Digging and then abandonment of the Y and Z Holes.

Stonehenge IIIc 1550-1100

Dismantling of dressed bluestones;Bluestones reerected in circle and horseshoe, within corresponding Sarsen constructs.

Stonehenge IV 1100

Bone and antler from ditches Extension of Avenue to West Amesbury.

Antler from ditch at W. Amesbury a See §4.4 for a discussion of this dating technique and the corrections that need to be applied. The phase divisions are due to Atkinson (1960/1979). Data are from several sources, especially Burl (1987) for most carbon 14 dates. "Raw" dates are often denoted "bc";corrected dates, "b.c."

Figure 6.29. The general layout of Stonehenge: Several prominent features are noted, among them Aubrey holes 55 and 56, the Avenue, and the four stations. Drawing by E.F. Milone.

the Sun's motion and those of the Moon for both major and minor standstills (see §2.3.1 for the tie-in between the Sun's annual variation in declination and the effect of this variation on the azimuth amplitude of sunrise and sunset; see

Table 6.4. Alignments at Stonehenge.

Stations

Azimuth

Declination

Event

Calendar mark

0 0

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