Calendars and the Spread of Astronomical Ideas

Calendrical systems are usually associated with astronomical phenomena. Sometimes the association is little more than a recognition of a pattern of seasonal variations coupled with the shorter repetitions of change in the lunar cycle. Many other calendars are formulated with elaborate and precise correlations with specified astronomical events. Because formal calendar systems normally incorporate both astronomical information and religious ideas in a highly

Table 15.1. Lunar mansion variants.

Naksatra

Naksatra depictions

Xiu

Xiu meaning

Asvini

Horse head

Lou

Bond (blade)

Bharani

Vulva

Wei

Stomach

Krttika

Razor, flame

Mao

Abundance (the Pleiades)

Rohini (Hyades)

Wagon, carriage

Bi

Net (Hyades)

Mrgasiras

Animal heada

Zib

Beak

Ardra

Gem, blood drop, saw

Shen

Warrior

Punarvasu

House, bow, balance

Jing

Well

Pusya

Arrow, pencil

Gui

Ghost or cloud

Aslesa

Tail, flag, serpent

Liu

Willow

Magha

House, wall, beak

Xing or Qi Xing = seven stars

Star

Purva-Phalguni

Bed, rat, fig tree

Zhang

String of a bow

Uttara-Phalguni

Bed, sword, fig tree

Yi or I

Wings

Hasta

Hand

Chen

Chariot part

Citra

Pearl, flower, sabre

Jiao

Horn

Svati

Bead, saffron, wedge

Kang

Neck

Visakha

Wreath

Di

Root or paw

Anradha

Snake, string

Fang

Housec

Jyestha

Boar head, tusk, earring

Xin

Heart

Mula

Lion tail, couch, scorpion

Wei

Tail

Purva-Asadha

Couch, elephant, tail

Ji

Winnow basket

Uttara-Asadha

Elephant tusk, lion

Dou

Southern dipper

Sravana

Arrow, yoke, Vishnu 3 footsteps

Niu

Ox

Dhanistha (Sravistha)

Drum, bird cage

Nu

Woman, girl

Satabhisaj

Circle of jewels or stars, flower, seeds

Xu

Emptiness or darkness

0 0

Post a comment