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Figure 4.11. The cosmological scheme from which the ordered name days of the week derive: A planet rules each hour, and the planet that rules the first hour rules the day. In this tabular example, Saturn rules the first day. From it, count down through the rows (and then in successive columns to the right) until the 24th hour is reached. The Sun rules the first hour of the second day, the Moon the third, and so on. Diagram by E.F. Milone.

Figure 4.11. The cosmological scheme from which the ordered name days of the week derive: A planet rules each hour, and the planet that rules the first hour rules the day. In this tabular example, Saturn rules the first day. From it, count down through the rows (and then in successive columns to the right) until the 24th hour is reached. The Sun rules the first hour of the second day, the Moon the third, and so on. Diagram by E.F. Milone.

ity, and deep into Africa with Islam. The order of the names is the same as for the Mediterranean order, beginning with the Sun. It should be pointed out that not every culture has retained the planetary names, which were maintained in the Latin, western half of the Roman empire; in the eastern half, the days were called first, second, and so on, with the sixth (Sabbath) and seventh (KvpiaK^, Kyriake: Lord's Day) accorded special status. The latter usage continues, but differs slightly from country to country.

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