Temple Wood Clear Evidence of High Precision Measurements

The site of Temple Wood in Argylle has been called a lunar observatory by Thom (1971/1973/1978). The site consists of two major sections: the main site, a small circles of stones in which there is a smaller ring and a kist; and a secondary site consisting of a linear arrangement of groups of menhirs. The extremities of the secondary site are marked by pairs of menhirs. The southernmost pair (S4 and S5) is oriented approximately toward a notch in a distant hill at azimuth 317.9°. The bearing of the northernmost pair (S2 and S3) is toward another stone, S6, 110 m distant, at 316.0°. Between these two extremes are two clusters of stones. The southern cluster ("Group Q"), which in a 1939 survey consisted of four stones, three upright and one fallen, had, at the time of Thom's study, only three—the fallen stone having disappeared in the interim. The bearing of the notch from these stones is 317.2°. Finally, the northern group of stones consists of the largest menhir in the complex, S1, surrounded by four smaller, upright stone slabs. Stone S1 bears cup markings. About 310 m toward an azimuth of 315° stands the circle of the main site of Temple Wood, and 2km away at an azimuth of 317.0° is the foresight notch, to which the southern pair of menhirs already appears to point. The relationships between these bearings and the declinations of the setting major standstill Moon are shown in Table 6.6, based on Thom's (1971/1973/1978) Table 5.1. Thom assumes an obliquity e = 23°54'.3, a height of 1.68m (5.5ft) for the observer, a lunar inclination i = 5°8'.7, an apparent lunar

Table 6.6. Observations and analysis of Temple Wood.

Backsight

Foresight

Azimuth

Altitude

Obs. Dec.

0 0

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