B6 References

[1] Mendell, W. W. (ed.) Lunar Bases and Space Activities of the 21st Century. Houston, TX: Lunar Planetary Institute, 1985.

[2] McKay, M. F.; McKay. D. S.; and Duke, M. B. (eds.) Space Resource. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1992, 5 vols. (available now from www.univelt.com).

[3] ESA Lunar Steering Committee Group, International Lunar Workshop: Towards a World Strategy for the Exploration and Utilization of Our Natural Satellite. Paris: European Space Agency, 1994 (ESA SP-1170); Mission to the Moon: Europe's Priorities for the Scientific Exploration and Utilization of the Moon, 1992 (ESA SP-1150).

[4] Simons, M. S. (ed.) Proceedings of the International Lunar Exploration Conference. San Diego, CA: International Space Enterprises, 1994 Vol. 1, 1995 Vol. 2 ... Durst, S. M.; Bohannan, C. T.; Thomason, C. G.; Cerney, M. R.; and Yuen, L. (eds.) Proceedings of the International Lunar Conference 2003/International Lunar Exploration Working Group 5. San Diego, CA: UNIVELT/AAS, Vol. 108, 2004 ("Science and Technology Series"; www.univelt.com).

[5] Angelo, J.; and Easterwood, G. W. Lunar Base Concepts. Melbourne, FL: Orbit Books/ Krieger Publishing, 1989 ... Ross, M. From Footprints to Blueprints: Development of the Moon and Private Enterprise. Bloomington, IN: Author House, 2005 ... Schrunk, D.; Sharpe, B.; Cooper, B.; and Thangavelu, M. The Moon: Resource, Future Development, and Settlement. Chichester, U.K.: Springer/Praxis, 2008, pp. 174-175 (www.praxis-publishing.co.uk).

[6] Criswell, D. R. "Net Growth in a Two-planet Economy," Proceedings of the International Astronautical Federation Congress, Jerusalem, Israel, October 9-14, 1994 (IAF 94-IAA8.1.704).

[7] Glaser, P. E.; Davidson, F. P.; and Csigi, K. Solar Power Satellites: A Space Energy System for Earth. Chichester, U.K.: Wiley/Praxis, 1998 (www.praxis-publishing.co.uk). Note contributions by Dr. David Criswell: "Lunar Based Solar Power System," p. 227; "Solar Power System Based on the Moon," pp. 559-621.

[8] Criswell, D. R. "Lunar Solar Power System: Scale and Cost Versus Technology Level, Boot-strapping, and Cost of Earth-to-Orbit Transport," Proceedings of 45th International Astronautical Federation Congress, Oslo, Norway, October 2-6, 1995 (IAF 95-R-2.02).

[9] O'Donnell, D. J.; and Harris, P. R. "Space-Based Energy Needs a Consortium and Revision of the Moon Treaty," Space Power, 13(1/2), 1994, 121-134.

[10] Criswell, D. R. "Lunar Solar Power and World Economic Development," Solar Energy and Space Report, World Solar Summit, July 3-9, 1993. Paris: UNESCO Publications.

[11] Keller, E. A. Introduction to Environmental Geology. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson/ Prentice Hall, 2008 ... Nielsen, R. Little Green Handbook: Seven Trends Shaping the Future. New York: Picador Publishing, 2006.

[12] Criswell, D. R.; and Waldron, R. D. "International Lunar Base and Lunar-Based Power System to Supply Earth with Electric Power," Acta Astronautica, 29(6), August 1993, 469-480 (published by the International Astronautical Federation, Paris).

[13] Bodie, S. (ed.) Lunar Solar Power Workshop Proceedings, July 9-11. San Diego, CA: Lunar Solar Power Coalition/Netrologic Inc., 1990 ... Pederson, M. N. A.; Criswell, D. R.; and Greenwood, D. "Clean Sustainable Power from the Moon," paper presented at the National Press Club, Washington, D.C., October 24, 1990 ... See also co-inventors Drs. D. R. Criswell and R. D. Waldron, A Power Transmission System, United States Patent, granted in 1990.

[14] Criswell, D. R.; and Waldron, R. D. "Lunar Solar Power System: Options and Beaming Characteristics," Proceedings of the 44th International Astronautical Federation Congress, Graz, Austria, October 16-22. Paris: International Astronautical Federation, 1993 (IAF 93-R.2.430).

[15] Sagan, C. "Tomorrow's Energy," Parade Magazine, November 25, 2990, pp. 10-15 ... David, L., "More Power to You,'' Final Frontier, March/April 1993, pp. 20-23, 48.

[16] Schmitt, H. H. Return to the Moon: Exploration, Enterprise, and Human Settlement of Space. New York: Springer/Copernicus/Praxis, 2006.

[17] Criswell, D. R.; and Waldron, R. D. "Lunar Power Systems to Supply Solar Electric Power to the Earth,'' 25th Intersociety Energy Conversion Engineering Conference, Reno, Nevada, August 11-17, 1990 (paper #900279/243).

[18] Sarkisyan, S. A. et al. "Socio-Economic Benefits Connected with the Use of Space Power and Energy Systems,'' Proceedings of the International Astronautical Federation. New York: Pergamon Press, 1986 (#IAF-85-188).

[19] General Dynamics, Operations and Logistics Study of Lunar Exploration Systems for Apollo (1969, NASA Contract #NAS9-1555-60); Lunar Resources for Space Construction (NASA Contract #GDC-ASP79-001). San Diego, CA: General Dynamics Convair Division (now Lockheed-Martin).

[20] Criswell, D. R.; and Waldron, R. D. "Results of Analysis of Lunar-based Power System to Supply Earth with 20,000 GW of Electric Power,'' paper presented at SPS '91 Conference, Paris, August 1991.

[21] Harris, P. R. "Personnel Deployment Systems: Managing People in Polar and Outer Space Settings,'' in Harrison, A. A.; Clearwater, Y. A.; and McKay, C. P. (eds.) From Antarctica to Outer Space: Life in Isolation and Confinement. New York: Springer-Verlag, 1991, pp. 158-188 ... "Promoting the Coalition of Lunar Solar Power,'' Space Policy, May 1991.

[22] Foundation for the Future, Humanity and the Biosphere: The Next Thousand Years. Seminar Proceedings, September 20-22, 2006. Bellevue, WA: Foundation for the Future in conjunction with UNESCO/Division of Ecological and Earth Sciences (www.future foundation.org; www.unesco.org/science/earth or www.unesco.org/mab).

[23] Werbos, P. J. "Strategic Thinking for Space Settlements: Energy from Space,'' in Krone, B.; Morris, L.; and Cox, K. (eds.) Beyond Earth: The Future of Humans in Space. Burlington, Ontario: Apogee Space Books, 2006, pp. 162-168 (www.apogeebooks.com) ... Also see Krone, B.; and Krone, S. Ideas Unlimited: Capturing Global Brainpower and Harris, P. R. Launch Out. West Conshohocken, PA: Infinity Publishing, 2003; 2007.

[24] The Global Exploration Space Strategy, The Framework for Coordination. Press Release by BNSC Media Centre, June 9, 2007, 31.05.07; 20.0407; 15.05.06 (http://bnsc.gov.uk/ home/aspx?nid=3191).

[25] Harris, P. R. Toward Human Emergence. Amherst, MA: Human Resource Development Press, 2008 (see Epilogue).

[26] Obtain the book and CD entitled 2007 State of the Future by J. Glenn and T. J. Gordon, published by The Millennium Project, World Federation of U.N. Associations (4421 Garrison St. NW, Washington, D.C. 20016; www.stateofthefuture.org or email: jglenn@ igc.org) ... ENERGYVILLE, an online, interactive, futuristic energy game developed by The Economist Group in conjunction with Chevron Corporation (www.willyoujoinus.com or www.economist.com).


Two fundamental realities will drive space exploration forward. First, wealth is accumulating in the hands of ambitious and visionary individuals, many of whom view space simultaneously as an adventure and a place to make money. What was once affordable only to nations can now be funded by individuals.

Second, corporations and investors are realizig the resources of Earth are limited, and are running out. But everything we hold of value on Earth—metals, minerals, energy and real estate—is in near-infinite supply in space. As space operations become more affordable, companies will set their sights on extraterrestrial resources, and what was once thought of as a vast wasteland, will become the next "gold rush'' ... The next 50 years will be when we establish ourselves as a space-faring civilization.

Source: Peter Diamandis, M.D., chairman and CEO of the X-Prize Foundation, and co-founder of the International Space University, "The Next Space Race,'' The World in 2008, The Economist, 2007, p. 153.

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Solar Panel Basics

Global warming is a huge problem which will significantly affect every country in the world. Many people all over the world are trying to do whatever they can to help combat the effects of global warming. One of the ways that people can fight global warming is to reduce their dependence on non-renewable energy sources like oil and petroleum based products.

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