1.1 Properties of the Moon 4

2.1 Properties of the electromagnetic spectrum 29

3.1 Major elements in the lunar regolith 50

3.2 Trace elements in the lunar regolith 50

A.1 Planetary surface mission tasks 212

A.2 Tasks for robots in advance of human missions 214

A.3 EVA assistance/minimization tasks 216

A.4 Future robotic development tasks 218

A.5 Distance to the horizon on Earth and the Moon 221

A.6 A "generic" sortie on a planetary surface 224

B.1 Hydrogen content of bulk lunar soils 240

C.1 Chemical compositions of JSC-1 and lunar soils 261

C.2 Major element composition of JSC-1AF 261

D.1 Properties of various semiconductors 273

D.2 Propellant mass and volume for a proposed Mars orbital transfer vehicle . . 278

E.1 Power requirements for selected oxygen-extraction processes 344

G.1 Quality standards for laws 374

L.1 Code of ethics for off-Earth commerce 409

R.1 Acronyms 459

R.2 MALEO LHB-1 mass summary 464

R.3 Vehicle payload mass during cislunar transportation 472

5.1 Acronyms 478

5.2 Specifications for Nomad Explorer 486

V.1 Primary metallic materials set targeted for fabrication technologies development 516

V.2 Assessed additive fabrication processes 517

V.3 Brinell hardness of built material 522

V.4 Tensile properties of built material 523

David Schrunk is an aerospace engineer and medical doctor. His work experience includes periods at the US Army Aeromedical Research Laboratory, NASA Manned Spacecraft Center, and McDonnell-Douglas Astronautics, and a medical career in nuclear medicine and diagnostic radiology. He is the founder of the Quality of Laws Institute in Poway, California.

Bonnie L. Cooper received her Ph.D. in lunar geology and geophysics from the University of Texas in 1992 and joined Oceaneering Space Systems in 1997. She has researched planetary resources and remote-sensing topics with the goal of identifying optimum sites for a lunar outpost. Currently, Dr. Cooper is supporting NASA Johnson Space Center's Astromaterials Research and Exploration Science Group.

Burton L. Sharpe participated in mission operations planning and execution of the Gemini (Agena Target Vehicle), Apollo (ALSEP), and Viking NASA space programs. He looks forward to the day when teams of tele-operated devices on the Moon, controlled from multiple locations worldwide, will build moonbases and assist human crews with their operation.

Madhu Thangavelu conducts the Space Exploration Architectures Concept Synthesis Studio in the Astronautics and Space Technology Department of the Viterbi School of Engineering and the School of Architecture at USC. He is an Alumnus and frequent lecturer of the International Space University, and has published original concepts of space system architectures. He is former Vice Chairman for Education Programs in the Los Angeles Section of the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics.

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