Discovered 1857 June 27 by H. Goldschmidt at Paris.

Named by the discoverer in honor of the French empress and Spanish noblewoman Eugenia de Montijo de Guzman (1826-1920), wife of Napoleon III. (H 7)

This is the first example of assigning the name of a human being to a minor planet. William J. Merline et al. reported the discovery of a satellite of (45) on 1998 Nov. 1. The moon with the preliminary designation S/1998 (45) 1 orbits the minor planet in a near-circular orbit every 4.7 days (IAU Circ. No. 7129).

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