Shen

1964 VR1 . Discovered 1964 Nov. 9 at the Purple Mountain Observatory at Nanking.

Named for the versatile Chinese scholar Shen Guo (1031-1095), who lived during the Sung dynasty and had many achievements in astronomy. He determined the distance of Polaris from the north celestial pole to be 3° and devised an experiment to demonstrate that the Moon is a dark, spherical body illuminated by sunlight. He also proposed that the traditional lunar calendar be abandoned in favor of one based on solar reckoning. (M 4785)

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