1.5.1. Ionization energy losses by CR nuclei during propagation in space
The ionization losses (energy losses for excitation and ionization of atoms of medium and for generation of Cherenkov radiation and 8-electron production) by a proton or nucleus with total energy E, rest mass M, and charge Z is in eV/sec (according to Ginzburg and Syrovatsky, M1963):
4ne4 Z 2 Ne ln mv
Was this article helpful?