Appendix More Information About XRay Missions

During the last 40 years almost three dozen X-ray satellite missions have been flown. Twenty-four of them have been mentioned in the various chapters of this book (see index). The most comprehensive collection of mission and instrument characteristics can be found on the web pages of NASA's High Energy Astrophysics Archive (http://heasarc.gsfc.nasa.gov/docs/). This database not only comprises all NASA led satellite projects, but also collaborative projects of NASA led by other institutions like ESA, ISAS (Japan), MPE (Germany), SERC (UK), NIVR (Netherlands) etc. More information on ESA satellites (EXOSAT, XMM-Newton, INTEGRAL, XEUS) are found on the web pages of ESA's space science department (http://www.rssd.esa.int). Japanese satellites (Hakucho, Tenma, Ginga, ASCA, Suzaku, Yohkoh) are presented on the web pages of ISAS (www.isas. ac.jp). The Netherlands (ANS): www.nivr.nl, United Kingdom (UK-6): www.serc.ac.uk, Germany (ROSAT, MIR HEXE): www.mpe. mpg.de.

Table 1 Past and current space missions mentioned in this book: names and acronyms

Missions

Period

Lead country/ institution

Ariel V

The fifth Ariel Satellite

1974-

1980

United Kingdom

ANS

Astronomische Nederlandse Satelliet

1974-

1976

The Netherlands

ASCA

The Advanced Satellite for Cosmology

1993-

-2001

Japan

and Astrophysics

BeppoSAX

Satellite per Astronomia X (SAX)

1996-

2002

Italy

CGRO

Compton Gamma Ray Observatory

1991-

2000

NASA

Chandra

Short for Chandrasekhar (AXAF, CXO)

1999-

NASA

COBE

Cosmic Background Explorer

1989-

1993

NASA

Copernicus

The Copernicus Satellite (OAO-3)

1972-

1991

NASA

Einstein

Einstein Observatory (HEAO-2)

1978-

1981

NASA

EUVE

Extreme Ultraviolett Explorer

1992-

2001

NASA

EXOSAT

European X-ray Observatory Satellite

1983-

1986

ESA

Ginga

Japanese for Galaxy

1987-

1991

Japan

Granat

1988-

1998

USSR/Russia

HEAO-1

High Energy Astrophysics Observatory 1

1977-

1979

NASA

HETE-2

High Energy Transient Explorer

2000-

NASA

INTEGRAL

International Gamma-Ray Astrophysics

2002-

ESA

Laboratory

ROSAT

Roentgen Satellite

1990-

1999

Germany

RXTE

Rossi X-Ray Timing Explorer

1995-

NASA

SAS-3

The Third Small Astronomy Satellite

1975-

1979

NASA

Suzaku

Japanese for ZhU Que (Astro-E2)

2005-

Japan

Swift

2004-

NASA

Tenma

Japanese for Pegasus

1983-

1985

Japan

Uhuru

Swahili for freedom

1970-

1973

NASA

XMM-Newton (=XMM X-ray Multi-Mirror Mission)

1999-

ESA

Yohkoh

Japanese for sunbeam

1991-

2001

Japan

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