' Data transmission and recovery station"'

Figure 2.2. A Japanese look to the future space infrastructure based on their development of an Aerospace Plane and significant orbital manufacturing assets, circa 1988.

or a ground power station. The power generation and transmission is based, as said, on concepts developed by the late Nikolai Tesla, with a reported progression of transmitted power up to 10 MW and efficiency over 75% from ground station to ground station. This historical database is archived also in the Tesla Museum in Belgrade, Serbia, as well as at Smylan.

Just as the United States and the former Soviet Union had plans to develop space, so did Japan. In Figure 2.2 is a representation of an analogous plan presented by Japan's space organizations as they considered the future. As with the Russian concept the Japan Space Organizations' concept is built around an orbital station and free-flying manufacturing factories, again independent from the station because of microgravity jitter. Their plan is very comprehensive and indicates a desire to establish commercial space operations. There are large space facilities in LEO, Earth observation platforms in polar/Sun synchronous orbit and a variety of platforms in GSO. Integral to their space plan is an orbital transfer vehicle (OTV) to provide movement of satellites and resources to and from LEO. Deep space exploration and establishing a permanent Moon base was also part of the total space plan. The Moon base was presented during a European Space Conference in Bonn, Germany, in 1985. There was a space transportation vehicle in work at NAL (now JAXA) [Yamanaka, 2000] that could be considered also to be analogous the US National

Figure 2.3. Aerospace Plane concept from Japan National Aerospace Laboratories (NAL).

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