Index

Aerospace Plane, 38-40, 71, 123

Ahern, John, 142

air augmented rocket, 133

air collection and enrichment system, 73,

airbreathers, 7-8, 14, 51, 73-74, 78, 82-84, 93, 99, 101-102, 105-106, 120, 127, 134, 139, 165, 191, 211 Ajax, 184-186 alpha decay, 435 alpha particles, 295 An-225, 15, 56-57 Andrews, Dana, 293

Anfimov, Nikolai, 206 anti-gravity, 3 anti-mass, 3

272 Ariane V, 24 asteroids, 19, 278, 361 Atlas, 44, 300 AURORA, 306

Automated Transfer Vehicle, 219-220

Balepin, Vladimir V., 127, 136, 148

ballistic missiles, 43, 289, 300 Barbour, Julian, 420 Barghouty, Nasser, 299 beta decay, 436 beta particles, 295 Billig, Frederick, 121 black holes, 5-6, 423 Bond, Alan, 135 BOR, 85, 86

Borowski, Stanley A., 304 Brayton cycle, 112, 119-120, 122, 150, 291 Builder, Carl, 142, 155-158, 194 Buran, 13-14, 38, 46, 48-51, 76, 79

Casimir effect, 426 Cassini-Huygens, 277, 280, 308, 347 CERMET, 311 Chang Diaz, Franklin, 340 characteristic velocity, 4 chemical propulsion, 65, 279, 285 chemical rockets, 2, 26, 30, 127, 131-132, 280-281 Clementine, 262-263, 270, 273 combined cycle, 25, 53, 84, 127, 137, 146 comets, 21

confinement fusion reactor, 383 Conrad, Pete, 128 continuous operation, 165 Cook, Nick, 23 Copper Canyon, 123, 178

cosmic rays, 445 COSMOS, 348 Curran, E. Thomas, 145 cycles, 126, 155, 165 Cygnus X-1, 424

Dassault Aviation Star-H, 179-180 Davies, Paul, 424

deeply cooled ejector ram-scramjet-rocket,

148, 153-154 deeply cooled rocket, 135 deeply cooled turbojet-rocket, 73-74, 137-138

Delta Clipper, 17, 59-60, 82, 128, 204 Delta II, 44 Delta III, 44

dense plasma focus rockets, 389 DeWirr, Bryce, 420 docking, 241 Douglas, Donald, 65 drag, 81, 114-118, 121 Draper, Alfred, 87 Dynasoar, 123, 233 Dyson, Freeman, 292-293

Einstein, Albert, 370, 415-416 ejector ramjet, 73

ejector ram-scramjet, 144-145, 147, 179 electric MCF rockets, 393 electric propulsion, 26, 32 electromagnetic acceleration, 369 electrostatic thrusters, 330 Energia, 13-14, 18, 25, 38, 46, 48-49, 51,

286-287 Esteve, Maria Dolores, 187 Explorer 1, 36

244 FDL-7C, 84

fission, 32, 367-369, 373-374 Flight Dynamics Laboratory, 46, 50, 54,

79, 80, 83, 85, 87, 91, 225, 228, 244 Freishtadt, Vladimir L., 186, 188 Froning, H. David, 71

Fuel Station Spaceport, 60 fusion, 367-368, 373-375, 377, 381-382, 395, 397, 399

Galactic habitable zone, 5-6 GALCIT, 35 GALEX, 4-5 GAMMA-IO, 395 gamma-rays, 295-296, 437 gas-core NTR, 319

204-205, 237, 239, 246 General Relativity, 423, 425-426, 428-429 geostationary orbit, 32, 38, 41, 59, 63, 78,

204, 206, 214-215, 256 geostationary orbit satellites, 214, 308 Glenn, John, 44 Global Outpost, 242 GOL-3, 395

Gorshkov Oleg A., 27-28 gravity, 207-208, 268, 271 Gravity Research for Advanced Space

Propulsion, 23 Griffin, M., 309, 331 Gubanov, Boris, 46

Guerrero, Alfonso G., 185

habitable zone, 5-7 habitation, 243-244, 268 Hamilton, Gordon, 156 Hankey, Wilbur, 25 Hansson, A., 347 Hawking, Stephen, 423 HDE 226868, 424

heliosphere, 21, 362

Hendrick, Patrick, 148, 184

high-energy propulsion, 65

Highly Reusable Launch Vehicle, 42

HiPEP, 306

historical developments, 12 HL-19, 84

Hogenhaur, Ernst, 179 HOTOL, 57, 135 Hoyle, Fred, 420

Hubble Space Telescope, 273 hybrid engines, 337 hybrid rockets, 345

Hypersonic Flight Research Vehicle, 79 hypersonic gliders, 14-15, 17, 37, 46, 56, 71, 79, 82, 84-86, 179, 230-231, 233

incremental velocity, 25 inductively heated NTR, 339 inertial confinement fusion, 397 inertial electrostatic confinement fusion, 399

infrastructure, 204- 205 initial operational capability, 269 In-Space Operations Corporation, 63, 244-245

International Geophysical Year, 36, 43 International Space Station, 12-13, 46, 59, 64, 74-75, 220, 226, 238, 241, 250, 265-267 ion thrusters, 330 Isakov, Viktor N., 187 ITER, 404

Johnson, Clarence, 35

Johnson, Kelly, 107

Jupiter Icy Moons Orbiter, 305-307, 327,

330, 335-336 Jupiter missile, 36

Karman, Theodore von, 107 Kaul, Raj, 299 Kistler, 30

Kiwi, 300-303, 315, 453-454 KLIN cycle, 73-74, 137-138, 152-153,

165, 174 Koelle, H.H., 206 Korabelnikov, Alexei V., 187 KREEP, 273

Kuechemann, Dietrich, 82-83 Kuchinskii, Viktor V., 187 Kuiper Belt, 278, 280, 361, 364 Kuiper, Gerard, 361 Kuznetzov NK-31, 30

landing, 93

LANTR, 346-347 laser power vehicle, 65 lasers, 260-261 launch velocity, 208-209 launchers, 43, 210 Lawrence, Skye, 71 Legostayev, Viktor, 37, 78-79, 191 Leingang, John, 184 Leonov, Alexei, 264 Lewis, Mark J., 240 life support, 11, 268 LightCraft, 65, 260, 269 Lindley, Charles, 71, 142 liquid air cycle engine, 57, 73, 134-135, 138, 140, 146-148, 152-153, 165-166, 174, 178, 210-211, 222 LM-3B, 24

low Earth orbit (LEO), 24-26, 28-30, 36, 38-39, 41, 59, 61, 71-74, 78, 97, 99, 149, 204, 206, 210-211, 215, 253-254, 256-257, 263, 453, 455 low lunar orbit, 257, 263 Lozino-Lozinski, Glebe, 15, 46, 56, 62, 86, 179

Luna, 262-263, 272

Lunar Prospector, 262-263, 270, 273

lunar trajectory, 252, 254, 256

Magar, Artur, 142, 155 Magellanic Clouds, 22 MagLev, 257-259, 261, 269 MagLift, 258-259

magnetic confinement reactor (MCR), 383 magnetic confinement rockets, 368 magnetic sails, 33 magneto-hydro-dynamics (MHD),

184-185, 187-189, 192-193, 329-330, 372, 394-395 magneto-plasma-dynamic (MPD) thruster,

32-33, 291, 335 Maita, M., 185 Manhattan Project, 298 Manned Orbiting Laboratory (MOL), 79,

87, 105-106, 130, 267 Mars 2, 6, 18-19, 33, 37, 46, 191, 264 270-272, 278, 304-306, 308-309, 312, 316, 323, 333, 343, 408. Mars Design Reference Mission, 308

Masek, Robert, 87 mass, 4, 23-24, 26, 97, 217, 228, 404 mass annihilation rocket, 369 materials, 122

metastable nuclei, 289-291, 330, 336 MBB Sänger, 181, 182 Mercury, 2, 19, 27, 278 Mid-Infrared Large Well Image, 5-6 Milky Way, 5-6, 21, 66, 359, 413 Millennium Express, 17 miniature reactor engine, 317, 327, 452, 454-456

mirror MCF rockets, 386 MITEE, 329-332, 339, 352, 361, 480, 482, 484

Mulready, Dick, 91

322, 341-351, 385, 411, 489 Neptune, 2, 20, 277-280, 361 NERVA, 284, 290, 300-302, 304, 306,

311-313, 315-317, 327, 453, 455 New Frontiers, 362 New Horizons, 362 NEXIS, 307

Neyland, Vladimir Y., 79 Northrop, Jack, 35 Novitchkov, Nikolai, 187 NRX, 301, 303, 314 nuclear arcjet rockets, 328 nuclear electric propulsion, 328 nuclear electric rockets, 292, 329 nuclear energy, 281

nuclear propulsion, 26, 32-33, 65, 290,

300, 306 nuclear reactors, 310 nuclear thermal rocket, 364 nuclear-powered tug, 63 nuclear pulsed propulsion, 300

Oort, Jan, 364

open magnetic fusion (OMF), 481-532 open magnetic confinement (OMC), 400, 405

operation cycles, 149 operational concepts, 78 orbital inclination, 224, 228, 231 orbital maneuver vehicle, 219-223,

228-231, 234-238, 254 orbital structures, 238 orbital transfer vehicle, 38, 315 Orbital Transfer Vehicle (OTV), see space tug

ORBITEC engine, 196-199

Orbiter, 262-263

Orion capsule, 271, 318

Orion project, 300, 386, 401, 423, 427-428

Ortwerth, Paul, 145

particle bed reactor, 315 payloads, 70-72, 211 Penn, Jay, 71 Penning trap, 417-418 Penrose, Roger, 423 PHOEBUS, 290, 303, 454 PHOEBUS 2, 301-302 Pioneer 10, 2, 207, 364 Pioneer 11, 2, 207 Pioneer anomaly, 213 plasmatron, 32 Plokhikh, v., 56

Prelas, Mark A., 185

Project Orion, 293, 384

Project Prometheus, 306-330, 336, 344

propellant delivery, 222, 231, 237

propellant mass, 11, 332, 365-366

280, 282, 285 Proton, 12, 24-25, 44-45, 49, 51, 238-239 Proxima Centauri, 19, 21, 27-28, 359-360,

364, 370, 408 pulse detonation, 128, 157-158, 161-166, 173,176

pulse detonation engine (PDE), 129, 158-166, 174-179

Quaoar, 378 Quest, Roland, 79 Q-gain, 493

radiation, 293-294, 300, 435, 441, 444 railroads, 42

ramjet, 53, 73, 93, 99, 100-101, 119, 127-128, 133, 139, 161-166, 173, 176, 193, 231 Ranger, 263 Raymond, Gene, 35 RD-0410, 305 RD-0411, 305 RD-170, 44 RD-180, 46 RD-253, 44 RD-600, 313

Redding, Frederick, 63-64, 244-245

Redstone, 43

refuelling, 203

relativistic speeds, 370

repairs, 203

rescue vehicles 63, 246

Reusable Launch Vehicle 42

reverse field configuration (RFC) reactor,

401 -402 RFX-1, 209 Rickover, Admiral, 349 RL-10, 131-132, 221 rockets. 2-3, 26, 131, 283, 328-329, 386,

389, 393 Rockne, Knute 35 ROVER, 300, 347, 454 rover, 18-19 RS-27, 317 RS-68, 317, 318

Rubbia engine, 291, 322, 369, 452-453 Rudakov, A., 127, 136 Rutan, Burt, 282

Sagan, Carl, 364, 424-426 Salyut, 12, 265 Sanchez, Yago, 185 Sanger engine, 369 Saturn, 2, 20, 278, 280, 308 Saturn 1, 8

Science Applications International

Corporation, 257, 268 scramjet, 8, 53-54, 71, 73, 99-101, 119-120, 124-125, 127-128, 135, 138, 145, 154-155, 162-165, 176, 231 Sedna, 378, 381 Shang, J., 188 Sheikin, Evgenii G., 187 Shepherd, Alan, 43 shielding, 293, 298, 391 single-stage-to-orbit, 53-55, 73-74, 97, 99-100, 102, 130-131, 133, 140, 169, 178-179, 182-183, 253 Skylab, 12, 241, 265 SMART-1, 262-263 solar habitable zone, 5-6 solar sails, 33-34 solar wind, 1, 33

Soyuz, 12, 17, 36-37, 43-45, 55, 263-264 Space Cruiser, 63-64, 240, 244-245 Space Exploration Initiative, 249, 264, 270,

305-306, 308, 313 Space Shuttle, 12, 14, 18, 24, 31-32, 37, 41, 46-47, 49-51, 59, 62, 70-71, 79, 85, 87, 107-108, 123, 203, 241-242, 244, 303

SpaceShipOne, 282

Special Relativity, 420, 422, 427

spheromak, 385-386

270-271 Star-H, 17, 180-181 stars, 359-360 Stine, Harry, 17 Stirling cycle, 291

Stoichiometric Combustion Rocket Engine

(SCORE), 199-200 structural concept, 171 Sun, 278, 361-363 superconductors, 33, 385 superluminal speed, 3, 427 Surveyor, 263

Swithenbank injector, 143-144

Swithenbank, James, 114-115, 144 switchblade wing, 79, 93-94, 95 Szames, Alexander, 187-188

tau, 82-96, 97, 98, 99, 100, 101, 170, 189 Taylor, R., 307 Taylor, Ted, 292

temperature mapping, 88-89

Tesla, Nikolai, 37, 39, 191

thermal capacitor, 32

thermal integration, 139, 141

thermal nuclear propulsion, 32

thermal rockets, 283, 290, 393

thermally integrated combined cycle, 137,

146 Thor, 44

Thorne, Kip, 425-426 thrust, 365-366 Timberwind, 311 time, 420 Titan, 2, 44 Titan IIIC, 91-92 Titan IV, 24

tokamak, 383, 388-390, 392 Townend, Leonard, 115-116, 118 Trans-Atmospheric Vehicle, 63-64, 93, 244 transfer, 203, 234 TransHab Consortium, 243 Trans-Neptunian Objects, 361 Tsio1kowski, Konstantin, 11 turbojet, 53, 86, 137

two-stage-to-orbit, 55-56, 71, 74, 125-126, l30-131, 140, 179, 181, 183, 228, 230, 233

two-way mission/transport, 6, 23

Uhuru, 424 Ulysses, 207

79-80, 83, 85, 87, 91, 142, 144, 225, 228, 244, 300, 304, 315-316 United States Navy, 144, 349 Uranus, 2, 20, 278, 280

V-1, 128, 157 Vadillo, Jose Luis, 185 Vandenkerckhove, Jean, 125-126, 148,

171, 181, 184, 210 Vanguard, 36

Venus, 2, 6, 19, 278, 330-331 very-high-energy propulsion, 65 Vicent, Antonio, 185 Visser, M., 426 VISTA, 406-407

Vortex Hybrid Rocket Engine (VHRE),

197-199 Vostok, 17,43 Voyager, 362, 364

warp (warp drive), 3, 21, 22, 447, 457 weight ratio, 4

wetted area, 81-82, 114-115 wind tunnel, 35, 85

wormhole, 445, 449, 450, 451, 454, 458 Wright Cyclones, 35 Wurst, Steve, 57, 61

XLR-129, 107-108, 130, 210, 223 X-planes, 13, 35-36, 58

Zenit, 24, 46, 48 zero-point energy, 452

Printing: Mercedes-Druck, Berlin Binding: Stein + Lehmann, Berlin

Colour section

Figure 4.21. 300oC hydrogen injected into supersonic air stream at flight conditions corresponding to a scramjet combustor for an aircraft flying at Mach 8. Tests circa 1962.

"TT

Oxidizer f

Purge gas

Fuel

Direction of flow Igniter

Fuel

Fill with fuel and oxidizer/ valve seals chamber

Fill with fuel and oxidizer/ valve seals chamber

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