Science

...science is truly one of the highest expressions of human culture— dignified and intellectually honest, and withal a never-ending adventure. Personally, I feel much the same with regard to the more ecstatic moments in science as I do with regard to music. I see little difference between the thrill of scientific discovery and what one experiences when listening to the opening bars of the Ninth Symphony.

School Science Review Science in Relation to the Community (p. 279)

Number 109, 1948

Black, Hugh

The limits of science are not limits of its methods, but limits of its spheres.

Everybody's Magazine Our Made-Over World (p. 710) November 1914

Bloom, Allan

Science, in freeing men, destroys the natural condition that makes them human. Hence, for the first time in history, there is the possibility of a tyranny grounded not on ignorance, but on science.

The Closing of the American Mind Part 3

Born, Max

...I believe that there is no philosophical highroad in science, with epistemological signposts. No, we are in a jungle and find our way by trial and error, building our road behind us as we proceed. We do not find signposts at crossroads, but our own scouts erect them, to help the rest.

Experiment and Theory in Physics (p. 44)

Buffon, Georges

The only good science is the knowledge of facts, and mathematical truths are only truths of definition, and completely arbitrary, quite unlike physical truths.

In L. Ducros Les Encyclopedistes (p. 326)

Science has been advancing without interruption during the last three or four hundred years; every new discovery has led to new problems and new methods of solution, and opened up new fields for exploration. Hitherto men of science have not been compelled to halt, they have always found means to advance further. But what assurance have we that they will not come up against impassable barriers?

The Idea of Progress Introduction (p. 3)

Buzzati-Traverso, Adriano

Science is a game: it can be exhilarating, it can be useful, it can be frightfully dangerous. It is a play prompted by man's irrepressible curiosity to discover the universe and himself, and to increase his awareness of the world in which he lives and operates.

The Scientific Enterprise, Today and Tomorrow

Campbell, Norman

First, science is a body of useful and practical knowledge and a method of obtaining it. It is science of this form which played so large a part in the destruction of war, and, it is claimed, should play an equally large part in the beneficent restoration of peace...In its second form or aspect, science has nothing to do with practical life, and cannot affect it, except in the most indirect manner, for good or for ill. Science of this form is a pure intellectual study. ..its aim is to satisfy the needs of the mind and not those of the body; it appeals to nothing but the disinterested curiosity of mankind.

What is Science Chapter I (p. 1)

Camus, Albert

At the final stage you teach me that this wondrous and multicolored universe can be reduced to the atom and that the atom itself can be reduced to the electron. All this is good and I wait for you to continue. But you tell me of an invisible planetary system in which electrons gravitate around a nucleus. You explain this world to me with an image. I realize then that you have been reduced to poetry: I shall never know. Have I the time to become indignant? You have already changed theories. So that science that was to teach me everything ends up in a hypothesis, that lucidity founders in metaphor, that uncertainty is resolved in a work of art.

The Myth of Sisyphus and Other Essays The Myth of Sisyphus An Absurd Reasoning (pp. 19-20)

Carrel, Alexis

There is a strange disparity between the sciences of inert matter and those of life. Astronomy, mechanics, and physics are based on concepts which can be expressed, tersely and elegantly, in mathematical language. They have built up a universe as harmonious as the monuments of ancient Greece. They weave about it a magnificent texture of calculations and hypotheses. They search for reality beyond the realm of common thought up to unutterable abstractions consisting only of equations of symbols.

Man the Unknown Chapter 1, section 1 (p. 1)

Chargaff, Erwin

Science cannot be a mass occupation, any more than the composing of music or the painting of pictures.

Perspectives in Biological Medicine In Praise of Smallness—How Can We Return to Small Science (p. 373)

Volume 23, Number 3, Spring 1980

...in most sciences the question 'Why?' is forbidden and the answer is actually to the question, 'How?' Science is much better in explaining than in understanding, but it likes to mistake one for the other.

Perspectives in Biological Medicine Voices in the Labyrinth (p. 322) Volume 18, Spring 1975

The sciences have started to swell. Their philosophical basis has never been very strong. Starting as modest probing operations to unravel the works of God in the world, to follow its traces in nature, they were driven gradually to ever more gigantic generalizations. Since the pieces of the giant puzzle never seemed to fit together perfectly, subsets of smaller, more homogeneous puzzles had to be constructed, in each of which the fit was better.

Perspectives in Biological Medicine Voices in the Labyrinth VII (p. 323) Volume 18, Spring 1975

To be a pioneer in science has lost much of its attraction: significant scientific facts and, even more, fruitful scientific concepts pale into oblivion long before their potential value has been utilized. New facts, new concepts keep crowding in and are in turn, within a year or two, displaced by even newer ones. ..Now, however, in our miserable scientific mass society, nearly all discoveries are born dead; papers are tokens in a power game, evanescent reflections on the screen of a spectator sport, news items that do not outlive the day on which they appeared.

Heraclitean Fire More Foolish and More Wise (pp. 78, 81)

In science, there is always one more Gordian knot than there are Alexanders. One could almost say that science, as it is practiced today, is an arrangement through which each Gordian knot, once cut, gives rise to two new knots, and so on. Out of one problem considered as solved, a hundred new ones arise; and this has created the myth of the limitlessness of the natural sciences. Actually, many sciences now look as feeble and emaciated as do mothers who have undergone too many deliveries.

Heraclitean Fire More Foolish and More Wise (p. 116)

Science is therefore not final any more than it is infallible.

In H. Shapley, H. Wright, and S. Rapport (eds) Readings in the Physical Sciences The Reasonableness of Science (p. 25)

It is impossible that he who has once imbibed a taste for science can ever abandon it.

Annals of Philosophy

Analysis of an Alloy of Gold and Rhodium from the Parting House at Mexico

Volume 10, Number 2, October 1825

Dobshansky, Theodosius

Science is cumulative knowledge. Each generation of scientists works to add to the treasury assembled by its predecessors. A discovery made today may not be significant or even comprehensible by itself, but it will make sense in conjunction with what was known before. Indeed this will usually have been necessary to its achievement.

In Robert M. Hutchins and Mortimer J. Adler (eds) The Great Ideas Today 1974 Advancement and Obsolescence in Science (p. 52)

Science does more than collect facts; it makes sense of them. Great scientists are virtuosi of the art of discovering the meaning of what otherwise might seem barren observations.

In Robert M. Hutchins and Mortimer J. Adler (eds) The Great Ideas Today 1974 Advancement and Obsolescence in Science (p. 56)

Science has been called "the endless frontier." The more we know, the better we realize that our knowledge is a little island in the midst of an ocean of ignorance.

In Robert M. Hutchins and Mortimer J. Adler (eds) The Great Ideas Today 1974 Advancement and Obsolescence in Science (p. 61)

Egler, Frank E.

...science. ..ever reflecting a faith in the intelligibility of nature.

The Way of Science The Nature of Science (p. 2)

Science is a product of man, of his mind; and science creates the real world in its own image.

The Way of Science Science Concepts (p. 22)

Einstein, Albert

Although it is true that it is the goal of science to discover rules which permit the association and foretelling of facts, this is not its only aim. It also seeks to reduce the connections discovered to the smallest possible number of mutually independent conceptual elements. It is in this striving after the rational unification of the manifold that it encounters its greatest successes, even though it is precisely this attempt which causes it to run the greatest risk of falling a prey to illusion. But whoever has undergone the intense experience of successful advances made in this domain, is moved by profound reverence for the rationality made manifest in existence.

Ideas and Opinions Science and Religion (p. 49)

Feyerabend, Paul

The idea that science can, and should, be run according to fixed and universal rules, is both unrealistic and pernicious.

Against Method Chapter 18 (p. 295)

Feynman, Richard

Science is a way to teach how something gets to be known, what is not known, to what extent things are known (for nothing is known absolutely), how to handle doubt and uncertainty, what the rules of evidence are, how to think about things so that judgments can be made, how to distinguish truth from fraud, and from show.

Engineering and Science The Problem of Teaching Physics in Latin America

November 1963

Fulbright, J. William

Science has radically changed the conditions of human life on earth. It has expanded our knowledge and our power but not our capacity to use them with wisdom.

Old Myths and New Realities Conclusion (p. 142)

Gould, Stephen Jay

The net of science covers the empirical universe: What is it made of (fact) and why does it work this way (theory)?

Natural History Non Overlapping Magisteria (p. 61) Volume 106, Number 2, March 1997

Heisenberg, Werner

Almost every progress in science has been paid by a sacrifice, for almost every new intellectual achievement previous positions and conceptions had to be given up. Thus, in a way, the increase of knowledge and insight diminishes continually the scientist's claim to 'understand' nature.

In A. Sarlemijn and M.J. Sparnaay (eds) Physics in the Making Chapter I (p. 9)

Science no longer confronts nature as an objective observer, but sees itself as an actor in this interplay between man and nature. The scientific method of analysing, explaining, and classifying has become conscious of its limitations. ..Method and object can no longer be separated.

The Physicist's Conception of Nature Chapter I (p. 29)

Hippocrates

There are, indeed, two things, knowledge and opinion, of which the one makes its possessor really to know, the other to be ignorant. . .

The Law Paragraph 4 (p. 144)

Hodgson, Leonard

...science can only deal with what is, and can say nothing about what ought to be, which is the concern of ethics; science can tell us about means to ends, but not about what the ends should be.

Theology in an Age of Science An Inaugural Lecture November 3,1944 (p. 9)

Holton, Gerald Roller, Duane H.D.

Science is an ever-unfinished quest to discover facts and establish relationships between them.

Foundations of Modern Physical Science Chapter 13 (p. 214)

...science has grown almost more by what it has learned to ignore than by what it has had to take into account.

Foundations of Modern Physical Science Chapter 2 (p. 25)

Hoyle, Sir Fred

The fragmentation of science is a source of difficulty to all teachers and to all students—the connection of one research area to another is not always apparent. This is because science is rather like a vast and subtle jig-saw puzzle, and the usual way to attack a jig-saw puzzle is to work simultaneously on several parts of it. Only at the end do we seek to fit the different parts of it together into a coherent whole.

In Eugene H. Kone and Helene J. Jordan (eds) The Greatest Adventure Cosmology and its Relation to the Earth (p. 22)

Huxley, Aldous

Science is dangerous; we have to keep it most carefully chained and muzzled.

Brave New World Chapter 16 (p. 270)

Jeffers, Robinson

". ..Science is not to serve but to know. Science is for itself its own value, it is not for man, His little good and big evil: it is a noble thing, which to use Is to degrade..."

"Therefore astronomy is the most noble science; is the most useless..."

"...Science is not a chambermaid-woman." "Brother," the old man said, "you are right. Science is an adoration; a kind of worship."

Science is dangerous; we have to keep it most carefully chained and muzzled. Aldous Huxley - (See p. 301)

Jourdain, Philip E.B.

Our ideal in natural science is to build up a working model of the universe out of the sort of ideas that all people carry with them everywhere "in their heads," as we say, and to which ideas we appeal when we try to teach mathematics. These ideas are those of number, order, the numerical measures of times and distances, and so on.

Keyser, Cassius Jackson

Science is destined to appear as the child and the parent of freedom blessing the earth without design. Not in the ground of need, not in bent and painful toil, but in the deep-centered play-instinct of the world, in

The Double Axe and Other Poems The Inhumanist Part II of The Double Axe Stanza 36 (p. 92)

Sam Brumbaugh

The Nature of Mathematics Chapter IV (p. 54)

the joyous mood of the eternal Being, her spirit, which is always young, Science has her origin and root; and her spirit, which is the spirit of genius in moments of elevation, is but a sublimated form of play, the austere and lofty analogue of the kitten playing with the entangled skein or of the eaglet sporting with the mountain winds.

Mathematics (p. 44)

Kuhn, Thomas

To understand why science develops as it does, one need not unravel the details of biography and personality that lead each individual to a particular choice, though that topic has vast fascination. What one must understand, however, is the manner in which a particular set of shared values interacts with the particular experiences shared by a community of specialists to ensure that most members of the group will ultimately find one set of arguments rather than another decisive.

The Structure of Scientific Revolutions Postscript—1969 (p. 200)

Lowell, Percival

Now in science there exists two classes of workers. There are men who spend their days in amassing material, in gathering facts. They are the collectors of specimens in natural history, the industrious takers of routine measurements in physics and astronomy or the mechanical accumulators of photographic plates. Very valuable such collections are. They may not require much brains to get, but they enable other brains to get a great deal out of them later...The rawer they are the better. For the less mind enters into them the more they are worth. When destitute altogether of informing intelligence, they become priceless, as they then convey nature's meaning unmeddled of man...

The second class of scientists are the architects of the profession. They are the men to whom the building up of science is due. In their hands, the acquired facts are put together to that synthesizing of knowledge from which new conceptions spring. ..Though the gathering of material is good, without the informing mind to combine the facts they had forever remained barren of fruit.

In William Graves Hoyt Lowell and Mars Chapter 2 (p. 22)

Mach, Ernst

Where neither confirmation nor refutation is possible, science is not concerned. Science acts and only acts in the domain of uncompleted experience.

Science of Mechanics Chapter IV Section IV (pp. 587-8)

Maffei, Paolo

We are now moving beyond those concepts and the knowledge familiar to us in the first half of this century, and we are entering a world in which science and fantasy intertwine. . .

Beyond the Moon Chapter 10 (p. 301)

Margulis, Lynn Sagan, Dorian

...Science has become a social method of inquiring into natural phenomena, making intuitive and systematic explorations of laws which are formulated by observing nature, and then rigorously testing their accuracy in the form of predictions. The results are then stored as written or mathematical records which are copied and disseminated to others, both within and beyond any given generation. As a sort of synergetic, rigorously regulated group perception, the collective enterprise of science far transcends the activity within an individual brain.

Microcosmos Chapter 12 (p. 233)

Mendeieeff, D.

Knowing how contented, free and joyful is life in the realms of science, one fervently wishes that many would enter their portals.

Principles of Chemistry Volume 1 Preface (p. ix)

While science is pursuing a steady onward movement, it is convenient from time to time to cast a glance back on the route already traversed, and especially to consider new conceptions which aim at discovering the general meaning of the stock of facts accumulated from day to day in our laboratories.

Journal of the Chemical Society Volume 55, 1889 (p. 634)

Millikan, Robert A.

...Science walks forward on two feet, namely theory and experiment...

In the Nobel Foundation Nobel Lectures Physics 1922-41

Mitchell, Maria

The phrase 'popular science' has in itself a touch of absurdity. That knowledge which is popular is not scientific.

In Phebe Mitchell Kendall Maria Mitchell: Life, Letters, and Journals Chapter VII (p. 138)

Oppenheimer, J. Robert

Both the man of science and the man of art live always at the edge of mystery, surrounded by it; both always as to the measure of their creation, have had to do with the harmonization of what is new with what is familiar, with the balance between novelty and synthesis, with the struggle to make partial order in total chaos.

Prospects in the Arts and Sciences Speech 26 December 1954 Columbia University Bicentennial

Peacock, Thomas Love

Science is one thing and wisdom is another. Science is an edged tool with which men play like children and cut their own fingers. If you look at the results which science has brought in its train, you will find them to consist almost wholly in elements of mischief...The day would fail, if I should attempt to enumerate the evils which science has inflicted on mankind. I almost think it is the ultimate destiny of science to exterminate the human race.

Gryll Grange Chapter 19 (p. 127)

Popper, Karl

...science is most significant as one of the greatest spiritual adventures that man has yet known. . .

Poverty of Historicism Chapter III, Section 19 (p. 56)

Russell, Bertrand

A life devoted to science is therefore a happy life, and its happiness is derived from the very best sources that are open to dwellers on this troubled and passionate planet.

Mysticism and Logic Chapter II (p. 45)

Smolin, Lee

Science is, above everything else, a search for an understanding of our relationship with the rest of the universe.

The Life of the Cosmos Part 1 Chapter 1 (p. 23)

Soddy, Frederick

As science advances and most of the more accessible fields of knowledge have been gleaned of their harvest, the need for more and more powerful and elaborate appliances and more and more costly materials ever grows.

Science and Life Science and the State (p. 60)

Thomson, Sir George

[The method of science is] a collection of pieces of advice, some general, some rather special, which may help to guide the explorer in his passage through the jungle of apparently arbitrary facts...In fact, the sciences differ so greatly that it is not easy to find any sort of rule which applies to all without exception.

The Inspiration of Science Chapter II (p. 7)

Whitehead, Alfred North

Science can find no individual enjoyment in Nature; science can find no aim in Nature; science can find no creativity in Nature.

Modes of Thought Chapter III Lecture VIII (p. 211)

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