Spaceplanes Classified

I. Atmospheric Rocketplanes/Lifting Bodies/Test Vehicles

A. Aircraft-Launched

Bell X-1 (1947) Mach 1 1947 Chuck Yeager

Douglas Skyrocket D-558-2 (1948-1956) Mach 2 1953 Scott Crossfield

Bell X-2 (1952-1956) Mach 3 1956 Mel Apt

M2-F1

M2-F2

M2-F3

HL-10

Martin Marietta X-24A (1969-1971) X-24B

Martin Marietta X-24C (1973-1975) X-24C (1976)

Boeing X-40 (1998-2001)

NASA X-38 (1999-2002)

Orbital Sciences X-34 (canceled 2001)

EADS Phoenix (2004)

Boeing X-37 (2006)

B. Self-Launched

Me 163 Komet (1944) MiG-105 Spiral (1976-1978)

OK-GLI Buran Aerodynamic Analog (1985-1988) Rotary Rocket Roton (1999) XCOR EZ-Rocket (2001) XCOR X-Racer (2008)

II. Suborbital Spaceplanes

A. Aircraft-Launched

North American X-15 (1959-1968)

SpaceShipOne (2004)

SpaceShipTwo

Space Adventures C-21

Space Adventures Explorer

B. Runway-Launched Ascender (2000) Rocketplane XP (planned) Spacefleet SF-01 (2008) XCOR Xerus (2008)

C. Ballistic

McDonnell ASSET (1963-1965) Martin Marietta X-23 PRIME (1966-1967) Lockheed-Martin X-33 (circa 1999)

III. Orbital Spaceplanes

A. Staged Ballistic Dyna-Soar (1957-1963) Kliper (2005) HOPE-X MUSTARD

Orbital Space Plane (4 in 1) USAF X-37B Orbital Test Vehicle (2008) NASA Space Shuttle (1981-2010) Hermes (1987-1993) Buran (1988) canceled 1993 SpaceDev Dream Chaser (2008) Silver Dart (2009)

B. SSTO Ballistic VentureStar

B. Aircraft-Launched HTHL TSTO Blackstar

Sänger II

C. Runway or Track-Launched HTHL SSTO Silbervogel (1935-1945)

HOTOL (1986-1988)

X-30 NASP (1990-1993) Rockwell International Avatar RLV (India) Skylon (planned) Hopper (planned) D. HTHL with Aerial Propellant Transfer Black Horse

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