Appendix

Scientist-Astronaut Careers and Experience

Name

Born

Selected

Group

Flights

First

Second Third Fourth Fifth

Sixth

Hours

EYAs

Astronaut status

Note

Allen J.

1937

1967

6

2

1982

1984

314

2

Former 1985

Chapman

1935

1967

6

0

0

0

Former 1972

England

1942

1967

6

1

1985

190

0

Former 1972/1988

[1]

Garriott

1930

1965

4

2

1973

1983

1651

3

Former 1986

Gibson E.

1936

1965

4

1

1973

2017

3

Former 1974/1980

[2]

Graveline

1931

1965

4

0

0

0

Former 1965

Henize

1926

1967

6

1

1985

190

0

Former 1986; deceased 1993

[3]

Holmquest

1939

1967

6

0

0

0

Former 1973

Kerwin

1932

1965

4

1

1973

673

1

Former 1984; mgr 1984-1988

[4]

Lenoir

1939

1967

6

1

1982

122

0

Former 1984; mgr 1989-1992

[5]

Llewellyn

1933

1967

6

0

0

0

Former 1968

Michel

1934

1965

4

0

0

0

Former 1969

Musgrave

1935

1967

6

6

1983

1985 1989 1991 1993

1996

1281

4

Former 1997

O'Leary

1940

1967

6

0

0

0

Former 1968

Parker

1936

1967

6

2

1983

1990

463

0

Former 1991; mgr 1991-2005

[6]

Schmitt

1935

1965

4

1

1972

302

4

Former 1975

[7]

Thornton W.

1929

1967

6

2

1983

1985

313

0

Former 1994

[1] England resigned from the Astronaut Office in 1972 only to return in 1978, retiring a second time ten years later.

[2] Gibson resigned from the CB in 1974 but returned in 1978 for two years, leaving a second time in 1980.

[3]Henize left the CB in 1986 but remained at NASA's JSC Space Sciences Branch until his death while ascending Mt. Everest in 1993.

[4] Kerwin was NASA Representative in Australia for two years from 1982; upon his return, he became Director of Space and Life Sciences until leaving NASA in 1988.

[5] Five years after resigning from astronaut status, Lenoir returned to NASA as an Associate Administrator, initially for Space Station but later for Spaceflight.

[6] Parker relinquished his astronaut status after his second space flight, taking a management role at NASA HQ and, from 1997, at JPL California, until he retired in August 2005.

7] After leaving NASA, Schmitt ran for Republican nomination for New Mexico in the US Senate. He was elected in 1976 but subsequently defeated in 1982

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