Robert Goddard

Goddard (1882-1945) is shown here alongside his first successful liquid-fueled rocket, launched from a Massachusetts field in 1926. Although it only reached an altitude of 40 ft (12.5 m), this pioneering flight paved the way for Goddard and others to develop increasingly powerful rockets throughout the 1920s.

Many of the principles of rocketry for use in space travel were worked out by Russian schoolteacher Konstantin Tsiolkovsky around 1900, but it was not until the 1920s that American physicist Robert Goddard began to experiment with liquid propellants that had the potential power to reach space. These developments were followed with keen interest by a small German rocket society, the VfR, whose members included Wernher von Braun (1912— 1977). When the Nazis seized power in

into orbit

-jlL

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