E

Eanfleda, queen, 369-370 Earth age of, 106-107, 137, 161 near aphelion, 65, 423, 424, 433, 434

asteroids and, 255, 308-309 atmosphere of, 204 as binary, 319, 384-386 climate of, 37, 169-171, 394, 396

comets and, 259 coronagraphs and, 133 coronal mass ejections and, 133 gravitational lens and, 120, 121 interior of, 253

during lunar eclipse, 13, 47, 425, 426

Mercury and, 278, 279 Moon's distance from, 4, 47, 149-159, 387, 431-432 Moon's orbit around, 36, 69, 70, 246, 379, 399, 401, 403, 405

orbit of, viii, 7, 29, 31, 36, 42-43, 45, 104, 170, 273, 278, 386396, 400, 401, 404, 422 near perihelion, 391, 394-396,

433, 434 planets and, 319 Pluto and, 311, 315 rotation rate of, 16, 40, 60, 147, 151-152, 154-159, 162, 170, 219-220, 241, 246, 373, 393, 420 saros and, 412

shape of, 29, 30, 51, 69, 158 during solar eclipse, 47 solar wind and, 131 stars aligned with, 124 Sun and, 4, 45, 126, 127, 171172, 285, 298, 299-300, 352 sunspots and, 130 Thales of Miletus on, 87 tides and, 40-41, 151, 152-153,

156-158, 219 Uranus and, 266 Venus and, 276 Earthshine, 134 Easter, 363-371

in Eastern Orthodox Church, 408

full moon and, 39, 241, 407 Metonic cycle and, xiii, 44, 407 Roman tables for, 376, 377, 407 spring equinox and, 386-387, 393

Eastern Orthodox Church, 407

Eastern Roman Empire, 174, 360, 362

Eccentricity, 386, 387, 388, 394

Eclipse Awards, 2

Eclipse of the Sun, The (Wordsworth), 327

Eclipse (racehorse), 1-2

Eclipse(s). See also graze; specific types of eclipses of 1208 B.C., 432 of A.D. 70, 138 of 1535, 200 of 1605, 138 of 1706, 138 of 1871, 136 of 1896, 137 of 1901, 35 of 1914, 214 of 1923, 216 of 1943, 228 of 1945, 228 of 1954, 228 of 1959, 238 of 1973, 119 of 2161, 432 of 2888, 200 of Algol, 322-326 ancient, 13-26, 28-29, 68, 72, 78, 80-89, 147-149, 154156, 162-166, 356-363 artificial, 131-134, 137 calculating, 383-434 Crucifixion, 20-23 Dionysus and, 320 distribution of, 64-65, 431-434 duration of, 59-60

etymology of, 31

frequency of, xi, 235—236

grazing, 47, 413

inclination and, 402

New York City winter, 213, 216,

217, 220-227 penumbral, 426, 427, 429 of planets, 303 Pluto-Charon, 315, 319, 324 predictions of, xiii-xiv, 33-36, 65-78, 86-96, 175-176, 216219, 257 progression of, 331-334 repeating, 65, 80-83 Rocky Mountain, 196, 197,

199-209 romance of, 197, 198 seasons, 45, 396, 414-415, 416,

418, 429, 437 short-term, 93-96 synodic months and, 400, 419420

216-219, 288 types of, 46-47 viewing, 27, 32, 34, 327-330 Zulu War, 210-212 Eclipses of the Sun and Moon (Dyson and Wooley), xv Eclipse Stakes, 2 Ecliptic. See also ecliptic limit(s) definition of, 31, 437 latitude and, 43, 398-399 longitude and, 43 Moon and, 43, 49, 402-405, 412, 428

obliquity of, 398, 399 opposition and, 409 planets and, 245 Ecliptic limit(s), 413-416 definition of, 45, 437 of 2003 eclipse, 57 of lunar eclipses, 340, 418, 428429

in Metonic cycle, 417 of partial solar eclipses, 429-430 Eddington, Sir Arthur Stanley, x,

110, 111, 113, 119, 290 Edgeworth-Kuiper belt, 310 Edison,Thomas Alva, 205-207 Egress, 282, 283, 292, 294, 295, 296 Egypt, Egyptians

Alexander the Great in, 18, 86 comet and, 307 day length and, 148 Easter and, 365 leap years and, 78 on predicting eclipses, ix pyramids in, 143 Romans and, 39 on total solar eclipses, 328 on year length, 71-72 Einstein, Albert general theory of relativity, ix-x,

70, 104, 109-113, 119, 308 on gravitational fields, 119-121, 124

Einstein Cross, 122 Einstein Ring, 122 Elamites, 83 Electrification, 262, 263 Elizabeth I, queen of England, 95

Emergence, 282 Emersion, 282 Emerson, Ralph Waldo, 310 Encke, Johann, 300 Endeavour (ship), 286, 287 England, English. See Britain, British

Enthusiasts, eclipse, viii, x, 3, 31—33, 103, 134-137, 327-355, 433. See also specific eclipse enthusiasts in 1878, 197, 202-203, 208-209 in 1925, 224-225 on transits ofVenus, 277-278 in Victorian era, 281 Entrance, 282 Ephemeris, 70

Equinox(es), 391-392 blue moon and, 242 Easter and, 363-364 2007 eclipse near, 354 holidays and, 39 Julian calendar and, 407 precession of, 72, 81, 82, 396399, 403 spring, 39, 43, 241, 367, 386,

390, 393-394 Sun and, 71 tides and, 41 year length and, 79 Equipment, viewing, 113-117, 147, 333. See also specific viewing equipment of Cook, James, 287

for 1780 eclipse, 178 for 1878 eclipse, 201, 202-203 for 1925 eclipse, 223, 225 safety of, 327-330 shadow bands and, 336 totality duration and, 338-339 Eros (asteroid), 255 Espenak, Fred, xiv European Space Agency, 133

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