Table Of Contents

PAUL J. CRUTZEN / Foreword 1-3

J. D. HAIGH / Introduction 5-15

SECTION I: SOLAR OUTPUT VARIABILITY

R.-M. BONNET / Assessing Solar Variability: Introductory Paper 17-24

S. K. SOLANKI and N. A. KRIVOVA / Solar Variability of Possible Relevance for Planetary Climates 25-37

G. ROTTMAN / Measurement of Total and Spectral Solar Irradiance 39-51

C. FRÖHLICH / Solar Irradiance Variability Since 1978: Revision of the

PMOD Composite during Solar Cycle 21 53-65

J. BEER, M. VONMOOS and R. MUSCHELER / Solar Variability Over the Past Several Millennia 67-79

B. HEBER, H. FICHTNER and K. SCHERER / Solar and Heliospheric

Modulation of Galactic Cosmic Rays 81-93

M. LOCKWOOD / What do Cosmogenic Isotopes Tell us About Past Solar

Forcing of Climate? 95-109

SECTION II: TROPOSPHERIC AEROSOLS, RADIATION BUDGET, AND CHANGES

A. OHMURA / Observed Long-Term Variations of Solar Irradiance at the

Earth's Surface 111-128

U. LOHMANN / Aerosol Effects on Clouds and Climate 129-137

Y. J. KAUFMAN / Satellite Observations of Natural and Anthropogenic

Aerosol Effects on Clouds and Climate 139-147

D. ROSENFELD / Aerosol-Cloud Interactions Control of Earth Radiation and Latent Heat Release Budgets 149-157

J. CURTIUS, E. R. LOVEJOY and K. D. FROYD / Atmospheric Ion-

Induced Aerosol Nucleation 159-167

F. ARNOLD / Atmospheric Aerosol and Cloud Condensation Nuclei

Formation: A Possible Influence of Cosmic Rays? 169-186

SECTION III: CLIMATE CHANGE: DETECTION AND ATTRIBUTION

L. BENGTSSON / On the Response of the Climate System to Solar Forcing:

Introductory Paper 187-197

W. J. INGRAM / Detection and Attribution of Climate Change, and Understanding Solar Influence on Climate 199-211

M. CRUCIFIX, M. F. LOUTRE and A. BERGER / The Climate Response to the Astronomical Forcing 213-226

H. GOOSSE and H. RENSSEN / Regional Response of the Climate System to Solar Forcing: The Role of the Ocean 227-235

SECTION IV: MIDDLE ATMOSPHERIC RESPONSE TO SOLAR

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