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A-series rockets 24-5, 24-5, 26 accelerometers 25 Aerobee sounding rocket 45 aerobraking 267, 274 aerospaceplanes 298, 298 Afanasayev, Viktor 220 Agena ATV 110, 110 airbags, landing on Mars 277, 277 aircraft rocket planes 34, 34, 36-7,

36-7, 69 spy planes 50 see also spaceplanes and individual types of aircraft Akers, Thomas 186, 200 Akiyama, Toyohiro 234, 234, 235 Aldrich, Arnold 204 Aldrin, Buzz 108, 110, 111, 136,

137, 140-43, 140-43, 167 Almaz space station 178, 179, 180-81, 180-81, 210 Alouette satellites 238, 238 American Rocket Society 38 Anders, William 133, 166 Andromeda Galaxy 257 animals in space 46-7, 46-7, 61,

74-5, 74, 86 Ansari, Anousheh 308, 309 Apollo programme 116-25, 132-67 Apollo 1 118, 119, 120-21,

120-21, 140 Apollo 4 119, 119, 122 Apollo 5 119 Apollo 7 132, 132 Apollo 8 132-3, 133, 136 Apollo 9 734,135,249 Apollo 10 135, 135 Apollo 11 19, 722, 136, 136-41,

140-41, 144 Apollo 12 773, 144, 744-5 Apollo 13 148-51, 148-53 Apollo 14 154, 754-5 Apollo 15 154, 156, 156-7 Apollo 16 162-3, 162-3 Apollo 17 164, 164-5 Apollo 19 154

Apollo-Soyuz Test Project 176-7, 176-7

Command Module 724, 125 crews 166-7 J missions 157, 158, 164 Lunar Module 125, 725 mission patches 7 74-75, 115 Moon landing sites 165 Service Module 724, 125 spacesuits 146-7, 147 Arena Target Vehicle (ATV) 108

Ares launchers 302, 303, 303, 305 Ariane launchers 57, 229, 230,

230, 232-3, 233 Ariel satellites 57 Armstrong, Neil 136, 136, 203 Apollo programme 135, 136, 167

Gemini project 108, 108, 109 Moon landing 136, 137, 140-43,

140-43 X-15 plane 188, 188 Army Ballistic Missile Agency (ABMA) 44, 44, 66, 116 Artyukhin, Yuri 180-81, 180 Ascender spaceplane 308 Astérix satellites 57, 57 asteroids 235, 264, 272, 272-3,

273, 307, 310 Astronaut Manoeuvring Unit (AMU) 110 astronauts Chinese 300-301 cosmonaut training 60-61, 60-61 exercise 217, 277 first man in space 76, 77-9, 78-9

first spacewalks 97, 102, 103,

international astronauts 240 Japanese 235 Mars missions 304-5 spacesuits 146-7, 747 weightlessness 80 see also individual astronauts and projects astronomy Great Observatories Program 256-7

Hubble Space Telescope (HST)

252, 252-5 satellites 230, 245, 250-51, 250-51, 256-7, 256-7 Atkov, Oleg 183

Atlantis (Space Shuttle) 797, 216, 207, 217, 218-19, 270, 292, 295

87, 87 atomic bombs 31, 35 Aurora 7 capsule 89, 89 Australia 56, 56, 229 Automated Transfer Vehicle 231, 297

Avdeyev, Sergei 220

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