Apollo crews 19671972

After the tragedy of Apollo 1, Saturn rockets took men into space 11 times during the US lunar programme. The publicity photos reproduced here chronicle an era that cemented the image of the astronaut as hero.

apollo 1

Commander (left) Virgil "Gus" Grissom (1926-1967) CM Pilot (centre) Ed White (1930-1967) LM Pilot (right) Roger Chaffee (1935-1967) Mission Never flew after catastrophic launch-pad fire apollo 7

LM Pilot Walter Cunningham (b.1932) Commander Wally Schirra (b.1923) CM Pilot Donn Eisele (1930-1987) Mission 11-22 October 1968

apollo 8

CM Pilot Jim Lovell (b.1928) LM Pilot William Anders (b.1933) Commander Frank Bormon (b.1928) Mission 21-27 December 1968

apollo 14

CM Pilot Stuart Roosa (1933-1994) Commander Alan Shepord (1923-1998) LM Pilot Edgar Mitchell (b.1930) Mission 31 January - 9 February 1971

apollo 12

Commander Charles "Pete" Conrad (1930-1999) CM Pilot Richard Gordon (b.1929) L M Pilot Al Bean (b.1932) Mission 14-24 November 1969

apollo 13

CM Pilot John L. "Jack" Swigert (1931-1982) Commander Jim Lovell (b.1928) LM Pilot Fred Haise (b.1933) Mission 11-17 April 1970

apollo 11

Commander Neil Armstrong (b.1930) CM Pilot Michael Collins (b.1930) LM Pi I ot Buzz Aldrin (b. 1930) Mission 16-24 July 1969

apollo 10

LM Pilot Gene Cernan (b.l 934) CM Pilot John Young (b.1930) Commander Thomas Stafford (b.1930) Mission 18-26 May 1969

apollo 9

Commander James McDivitt (b.1929) CM Pilot David Scott (b.l932) LM Pilot Russell Schweickart (b.l935) Mission 3-13 March 1969

apollo 17

LM Pilot Harrison "Jock" Schmitt (b.1935) Commander Gene Cernan (b. 1934) CM Pilot Ronald Evans (1933-1990) Mission 7-19 December 1972

apollo 16

CM Pilot Thomas K. "Ken" Mottingly (b.1936) Commander John Young (b.1930) LM Pilot Charles Duke (b.1935) Mission 16-27 April 1972

apollo 15

Commander David Scott (b.l932) CM Pilot Alfred Worden (b.1932) LM Pilot James Irwin (1930-1991) Mission 26 July - 7 August 1971

june 1973: skylab over earth

NASA's space station shows the scars of its traumatic launch and hasty repairs - a lopsided arrangement of solar panels and on improvised foil sunshade deployed by the Skylab 2 mission.

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