Apollo spacecraft

docking tunnel VHF antenna aft equipment bay

S-band in-flight antenna


The LM had two elements: a descent stage with spidery legs, a large rocket engine, and much of the equipment that would be left on the Moon; and a polyhedral ascent stage with a small rocket engine and accommodation.

crew 2

height 6.98m (22(1 llin)

width across diagonal 9.5m (31ft)

mass (early model) 15,059kg (33,205lb)

manufacturer Grumman Aerospace

Lunar Module descent stage egress platform

S-band steerable antenna engines

Descent and ascent engines: N204/ Aerozine 50; 4 x RCS quads: N204/UDMH

oxidizer tank

10 February 1965

Sergei Korolev's N1 Moon rocket is approved for development.

14 January 1966

Sergei Korolev dies during routine surgery.

11 May 1966

Vasili Mishin is confirmed as the new head of OKB-1.

18 September 1968

The Zond 5 probe loops behind the Moon and returns to Earth safely, landing in the Indian Ocean, in an unmanned test of a lunar orbiter.

30 December 1968

After the successful manned mission of Apollo 8, the Soviet Union abandons the race to put a man on the Moon.

21 February 1969

The first of four test flights of the N1 rocket ends when a fire causes its engines to shut down shortly after launch.

23 November 1972

The last N1 launch ends in an explosion.

17 February 1976

The last elements of the Soviet manned lunar programme are abandoned.

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