B

Baby Sergeant rockets 48-9, 49 Bacon, Roger 12 Baikonur Cosmodrome 58, 58, 64-5

ballistic missiles see missiles Baturin, Yuri 220

Bauman Technical School, Moscow

32, 33 bazookas 18

Beagle 2 spaceprobe 275, 275 Bean, Al 144, 744, 745, 166, 170, 777

Belgium 228, 229 Bell Aircraft Inc. 34, 34 Belyayev, Pavel 103, 104, 104 BepiColombo mission 230, 235, 307

Beregovoi, Georgi 129 Berezovoi, Anatoli 183 Bernal, John Desmond 310 Bezos, Jeff 299, 309 Black Arrow rocket 56-7, 57, 229 Black Knight rocket 56 black powder (gunpowder) 12, 17 Black Prince rocket 56, 228 Blue Origin project 299, 309 Blue Streak missile 56, 56, 229 Boeing 157, 158 booster rockets 35 Borman, Frank 109, 115, 133, 133, 166

Brand, Vance 176-7, 176 Branson, Richard 309 Braun, Wernher von 30, 35 in America 30-31, 30 Apollo programme 116, 119 Explorer 1 satellite 48-9, 48 Moon programme 93 at Peenemünde 24, 25, 26 Project Orbiter 38 Redstone rocket 31, 44, 44, 75 Saturn V rocket 123 surrenders to Americans 28 and the VfR 21, 22, 22, 23, 24 Brazil 239

Brezhnev, Leonid 97, 177 Britain 56-7, 228, 229, 238 British Aircraft Corporation 188 British Interplanetary Society 22, 92

Budarin, Nikolai 217, 220 Bumper 31

Buran 210, 214-15, 214-15 Burbank, Daniel 290-91 Bush, George Sr. 217 Bush, George W. 224, 225, 297,

California Institute of Technology 34

Canada 238, 240, 241

89, 89, 119 cargo spacecraft 210, 210 Carpenter, Scott 68, 87, 89, 89 Carr, Gerald 170, 777 cars, rocket-propelled 21, 27 Cassini mission 230, 278-9, 278-81

720, 166 Challenger (Space Shuttle) 194, 795, 201 disaster 201, 202-5, 203-5, 225, 286

Chandra X-ray Observatory 256, 256

Chelomei, Vladimir 126, 127, 178,

179, 180, 182, 210, 212 chimpanzees 74-5, 74, 86 China 12, 237, 300-301, 310 Chrétien, Jean-Loup 183, 230, 230 Churyumov-Gerasimenko, Comet

230 CIA 44

Clark University 18, 19 Clarke, Arthur C. 244, 246, 246, 308

Clementine spacecraft 258, 259, 259

Clifford, Rich 216 Clinton, Bill 217

CNES space agency 229, 230, 231

Cobb, Jerrie 66, 66

Coleman, Cady 295

Collier's Magazine 31

Collins, Michael 110, 136, 137,

141, 167 colonies in space 310-11 Columbia (Apollo 11 CSM) 136, 141

Columbia (Space Shuttle) 192-3, 192-3, 194, 198, 206 disaster 224-5, 224-5, 292, 297, 302

comets 230, 235, 271, 272-3, 273 commercial spaceflight 308-9, 308-9

Commission on Spaceflight (Soviet

Union) 39, 42-3 communications satellites 51, 244,

246-7, 246-7 Communist Party 32, 210 Compton Gamma-Ray Observatory

(CGRO) 256, 256 concentration camps 26, 29, 29, 30

Congreve, William 72, 13 Congreve rockets 72, 13, 13 Conrad, Pete 98, 110, 144, 745,

7 66, 170, 170-72 Constellation, Project 303, 305 Cooper, Gordon 68, 77, 89, 115, 244

Corona satellites 50, 244, 249 Cos-B gamma-ray observatory 229,

229, 230, 251 cosmonauts see astronauts Cosmos satellites 182, 244, 249 countdown, launch 20 Courier 1B satellite 51 Crew Exploration Vehicle (CEV) 284,

302, 302, 303 Crippen, Bob 192-3, 193

Crossfield, Scott 188, 189, 189 cryogenic propellants 233 crystals in space 293 Cunningham, Walter 132, 132, 166 Cyrano de Bergerac, Savinien 17 Czechoslovakia 240

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