N

N1 rockets 126, 126, 127, 234,

234 NASA

after Apollo programme 169 astrophysical observatories

256 creation of 45 first spacewalks 103 mission patches 114-15, 115 New Millennium Program 282 Space Task Group 40 stamps 184, 185 Vision for Space Exploration 302-5

see olso individual projects NASDA 234-5

National Advisory Council on

Aeronautics (NACA) 34, 66 National Space Council 92 navigation satellites 247, 247 NAVSTAR satellites 247 Nazi Party 23, 27, 28, 30 NEAR (Near Earth Asteroid

Rendezvous) mission 273 Nebel, Rudolf 23 nebulae 254-5

Nedelin catastrophe 61, 64-5, 64-5

Nell (Goddard's rocket) 18, 19 Nelson, George D. 201 Neptune, spaceprobes 264-5, 265 Netherlands 228, 229

New Horizons mission 282, 306-7,

307 New Mexico 31 Newton, Isaac 13, 13 Nikolayev, Andrian 61, 61, 80-81,

Nordhausen 26, 27, 28-9, 30-31 North American Aviation 116, 117, 119

North Korea 239 nuclear-powered space travel 311, 311

Object D 39, 42, 46, 50, 58 Office of Naval Research 38 Ohsum satellite 234, 234 OKB bureaus (Soviet Union) 34, 42, 46

O'Neill, Gerard 310-11, 310 Opel-RAK cars 21, 21 Operation Backfire 29, 33 Operation Overcast/Paperclip 28,

Orbiting Astronomical Observatory

(OAO) 250, 251 Orbiting Solar Observatory (OSO)

250 orbits asteroids 272 changing orbits 108, 108 satellites 244-5, 244 Orion, Project 311 Orion spacecraft 284, 297, 302, 303

oxidants 17, 18, 19

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