T

0.341308 + 12.0708 e2 + 1.148889 e4 1 + 10.495346 e2 + 1.326623 e4 ' 0.614925 + 16.996055 e2 + 1.489056 e4

1 + 10.10935 e2 + 1.22184 e4 0.539409 + 2.522206 e2 + 0.178484 e4

The results of Ichimaru et al. (1987) are non-relativistic. They seem to be sufficient for most applications, because the electron gas is almost ideal at densities and temperatures, where the electrons are relativistic.

The relativistic results for the exchange energy at 0 < 1 were derived by Sha-viv & Kovetz (1972). Spurious misprints, which persisted in that and many subsequent publications, were eliminated by Stolzmann & Blocker (1996), whose result can be written as

NekBT 4n Xr3tr

3af 1

where

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