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1. Posidonius 2, Rimae Posidonius 3. crate/fete f-1 km) 4. Posictonius J S.Chacornac-6. Rimae Chacornac 7. G. Bond 8. Rima G. Bond 9. Hall 10. KFrchhoff 11 Darnell 2006.05.12 -20:49 UT Age 18 days. 10-in f/S Newtonian + 2.5X + 1.6X + ToUcam (mosaic) I

Posidonius 29.90 E 31.80N (Image T241) A spectacular walled plain between Mare Serenitatis and Lacus Somniorum, 95 km in diameter. Its floor contains low hills (probably volcanic domes), prominent ridges and a wide system of rilles (Rimae Posidonius). Near first quarter, Posidonius resembles "a thin pancake on the dark mare" because of its raised floor. Label 3 in T241 is a short chain of tiny craters, barely resolvable in 10-inch telescopes.

In T234, three small domes are distinguishable between Posidonius and Luther (diameter 9 km).

Chacornac 31.70 E 29.80 N

A disintegrated crater adjoining Posidonius. It is 51 km in diameter, with hexagonal walls and a small off-center crater. Few rilles (Rimae Chacornac) on the floor are visible under high magnifications. Chacornac appears as the little brother of Posidonius.

20M.1CJ.03 2136 UT Age 19 days. 10-hfl6 Newtonian + 2.SX + TaUcarr

Three domes near Luther

20M.1CJ.03 2136 UT Age 19 days. 10-hfl6 Newtonian + 2.SX + TaUcarr

Three domes near Luther

A rille running from Montes Taurus into Lacus Somniorum, length 168 km, width up to 4 km. Hall 37.00 E 33.70 N

A crescent-like flooded crater, 35 km in diameter. Its exposed walls are heavily worn.

Daniell 31.10 E 35.30 N

A sharp-rimmed oval crater, size 23 X 29 km. See also Map 10

2005.10.20 -17:16 LIT Moor Age Î7 days. 10-inch f/6 Newtonian + 4X + ToUcam (mosaic)

I. Chiog-Te 2. Stella 3. Gierke 4. Fabbroni 5. VilfXivius 6, Gardner 7, Maraldi S Maraldi E 9, Maraldi D 10. Uttrow

II. Rima Carmen 12. Rima Rudoll 13. Apollo 17 landing

DMD: Referto htipiViirm'.jKrdMmalLêdtifsbST/MoonVolcarilcsMrTil

2005.10.20 -17:16 LIT Moor Age Î7 days. 10-inch f/6 Newtonian + 4X + ToUcam (mosaic)

I. Chiog-Te 2. Stella 3. Gierke 4. Fabbroni 5. VilfXivius 6, Gardner 7, Maraldi S Maraldi E 9, Maraldi D 10. Uttrow

II. Rima Carmen 12. Rima Rudoll 13. Apollo 17 landing

DMD: Referto htipiViirm'.jKrdMmalLêdtifsbST/MoonVolcarilcsMrTil

Ching-Te 30.00 E 20.00 N

Ching-Te (Chinese male name) is a small crater close to Mons Argaeus, 4 km in diameter. It is an obscure object for small telescopes and is likely hidden when the Sun angle is not appropriate. The surroundings of Ching-Te are massifs. Apollo 17 landed on the other side of the massifs on 1972 December 11, about 18 km east of Ching-Te.

In the north of Ching-Te is a remarkably dark patch, so called DMD (dark mantle deposit). It contains a mixture of small black and orange glass debris, possibly formed from quickly cooled droplets during fountain-like volcanic eruption. ^ Other DMDs appear at Sulpicius Gallus [Map 9

Alphonsus [Map 12, Aristarchus Plateau [Map 21, Mare Vaporum and Sinus Aestuum [Map 33

Littrow 31.40 E 21.50 N A flooded crater with worn walls, 30 km in diameter. It has an adjacent system of rilles named Rimae Littrow, length about 120 km and shown in Image T143.

Gardner 33.80 E 17.70 N A 18-km crater on a dome-shaped peninsula plateau (informally termed "megadome") where elusive rilles, ridges and irregularities are found. The plateau is flanked by Maraldi and two ghost craters Maraldi D & E. Details in T264, next page. Note also the dome and the snaky Rima Jansen (length 35 km) in T264.

A volcanic fountain in Hawaii. The arching rises to 10 m, much much smaller than a geologist's impression of lunar volcanic eruption where dark mantle deposits are found. (Imaged by J, D. Griggs for USGS)

2. Marafdi (39km)

7. Brewster (10km)

11. Vitruvius (29km)

13. Littrow (30km)

14. Beketov (8km)

15. Dorsa Barlow (120 km)

Manilius, Menelaus & Besssl 2005.11.09 11:45UT Age7days. IGntiPflNewtonian + 2.5X + ToUcam(mosaic)

Montes Haemus 9.20 E 19.90 N

A 560 km-long mountain range forming the south-western edge of Mare Serenitatis. Just beyond it are several irregular dark lava patches: Lacus Hiemalis (Winter Lake), Lacus Gaudii (Lake of Joy), Lacus Lenitatis (Lake of Tenderness), Lacus Doloris (Lake of Sorrow), Lacus Odii (Lake of Hate) and Lacus Felicitatis (Lake of Happiness). See also T010, front page of this map.

Manilius 9.10 E 14.50 N

A bright rayed crater with sharp rim, terraced walls and central peaks, 38 km in diameter. Details in T257, Map 33

Menelaus 16.00 E 16.30 N

A remarkably bright rayed crater with sharp rim and central peaks, 26 km in diameter. One of its rays is over 1000 km long, stretching across Mare Serenitatis and beyond. Other rays are traceable from the outer rim of Menelaus, between Auwers and Daubree (Label 4, 5 in T167).

Bessel 17.90 E 21.80 N

A small but prominent crater in Mare Serenitatis, 15 km in diameter. The bright rays of Menelaus happen to pass over the western half of Bessel, making the latter to mimic a rayed crater as well.

Sulpicius Gallus 11.60 E 19.60 N

A bowl-shaped crater, sharp rimmed, 12 km in diameter and fairly deep (2100 m). Its vicinity is Rimae Sulpicius Gallus, a system of prominent rilles of 90 km in length.

A small young crater surrounded by bright ejecta. Linné is only 2.4 km or one arcsecond in diameter, yet it is easily recognized through telescopes as a bright spot under high illumination. In the second half of the 19th century, numerous mysterious changes and disappearances of Linné were reported due to seeing and inadequate telescope optics. In the past decades, Linné was also a controversial object of LTP (lunar transient phenomena).

Lifiné (Apollo 15 Pan Phato 5353)

Rima Sung-Mei 11.30 E 24.60 N

Rima Sung-Mei is a 4-km long narrow rille. It is one of the three prongs in a small depression near Dorsum Owen at Mare Serenitatis. The prongs are elusive to spot in 10-inch telescope. A flyover of Apollo-15 resolves them, designated afterwards as Rima Sung-Mei (Chinese female name), Vallis Christel (German female name) and Vallis Krishna (Indian male name). The prongs could have formed from merging three or more volcanic vents on the mare.

Cropped ani 200% resized from an image taken *

on 2005.11.99 12:35 UT with 10-in f/6 Newtonian

+ 4X + ToUcam under bad seeing of 2-3/10, Cropf^ from ApoRo-15 irnege AS 15-M-0407 (photo credit: NASA)

Cropped ani 200% resized from an image taken *

on 2005.11.99 12:35 UT with 10-in f/6 Newtonian

+ 4X + ToUcam under bad seeing of 2-3/10, Cropf^ from ApoRo-15 irnege AS 15-M-0407 (photo credit: NASA)

Lacus Felicitatis 5.00 E 19.00 N (Lake of Happiness)

An irregular lava plain where scientists found evidence for volcanic "outgassing" that may have happened within the past ten million years --- and may still be happening today. The evidence was spotted in 2006, inside a young crater named Ina at the rim of Lacus Felicitatis. Ina (5.30 E 18.60 N) is a semi-circular depression, about 3 km in diameter and less than 50 m deep. This shallow depression is difficult to observe from Earth. See NASA close-up image at right.

2004.10.03 21:00 JT Age 19 days. 10-in f/6 Newtonian +■ 2.5X + ToUcam

( http://science.nasa.gov/headlines/y2Û06/ÛÙnoi/_moonali[/e.Mm )

2004.10.03 21:00 JT Age 19 days. 10-in f/6 Newtonian +■ 2.5X + ToUcam

( http://science.nasa.gov/headlines/y2Û06/ÛÙnoi/_moonali[/e.Mm )

Atlas, Hercules, Bürg, Endymion, Mare Humboldtianum

Hatfield 4

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