IN Orion variable stars

- Irregular, eruptive variables connected with bright or dark diffuse nebulae or observed in the regions of these

'See Chapter 4, "Pulsating Variable Stars," for a discussion of the Cepheid instability strip.

Observation Key f Faint stars

^ Small amplitudes i, Short periods

5> Visual, CCD/PEP

nebulae. Some of these may show cyclic light variations caused by axial rotation. In the spectrum-luminosity diagram, they are found in the area of the main sequence and subgiants. They are probably young objects that, during the course of further evolution, will become light-constant stars on the zero-age main sequence (ZAMS). The range of brightness variations may reach several magnitudes. In the case of rapid light variations having been observed (up to lm in 1-10 days), the letter "S" is added to the symbol for the type (INS). This type may be divided into the following subtypes: INA (subtype) - Orion variables of early spectral types B-A or Ae. These are characterized by occasional abrupt Algol-like fadings. INB (subtype) - Orion variables of intermediate and late spectral types F-M or Fe-Me. F-type stars may show Algol-like fadings similar to those of INA stars; K-M stars may produce flares along with irregular light variations. INT (subtype) -Orion variables of the T Tauri type. Stars are assigned to this type on the basis of the following, purely spectroscopic, criteria: spectral types are in the range Fe-Me. The spectra of most typical stars resemble the spectrum of the solar chromosphere. The feature specific to the type is the presence of the fluorescent emission lines Fe II 114046, 4132, emission lines [Si 11] and [0 I], as well as the absorption line Li I X6707. These variables are usually observed only in diffuse nebulae. If it is not apparent that the star is associated with a nebula, the letter "N" in the symbol for the type may be omitted. IN(YY) (subtype) - Some Orion variables show the presence of absorption components on the redward sides of emission lines, indicating the infall of matter toward the stars' surfaces. In such cases, the symbol for the type may be accompanied by the symbols "YY." GCVS

Of all the irregular variables, this group is probably the most visually enjoyable to observe because these stars are found within, or near, nebulae. Visiting a nebula in search of variable stars can be exciting by itself because nebulae are spectacular objects. Stopping to enjoy the sights along your journey in search of variable stars is something you shouldn't miss.

An observing approach similar to the other irregular stars is suggested; in other words, carefully watch for the irregular flares and be prepared to compare the variable with a pre-selected group of comparison stars.

0 0

Post a comment