Refe Rences

Dyseidetic dyslexia. Retrieved August 7, 2007, from http www.audiblox2000. Barthes, R. (1984). Elements of semiology. In R. Barthes, Writing degree zero & elements of semiology (pp. 75-172). Translated by A. Lavers and C. Smith, London Jonathan Cape. Childe, V. G. (1956). Society and knowledge. London George Allen & Unwin. Countdown. (2007). The Countdown page. Retrieved July 23, 2007, from Dijkstra, E. W. (1968). Letters to the editor Go To statement considered harmful...

Internet cafs as technosocial s paces

Internet caf or cyber caf is a label used to describe many different settings providing Internet access in public space, and have in the last decade become a ubiquitous feature of urban and, to a lesser degree, also rural space all over the world. While some Internet caf s are analogous to provisions to make other technologies accessible in public, such as telephone booths, or laundrettes, where there may be some social interaction between the users as well, others put a lot of effort into...

Information spaces and information places

It has been argued that an in-depth understanding of the concept of place may be relevant to the development of effective information environments. Analysis of the contribution of context, boundedness, and structure to the distinction between space and place could point to features or functionalities that distinguish information places as environments from information spaces as collections, differences that could influence the development of an information space and even contribute to its...

Ant ony My

Antonyms, also called contrast, belong to the class of opposites, with complementaries, reversives, converses, polarity, and more (Cruse, 2000, pp. 165-175). They, too, fall into several relatively well-defined groups, such as polar antonyms (long - short, heavy - light), equipollent antonyms (typically denoting sensations, and thereby, impartiality, e.g., hot - cold, painful - pleasurable), and overlapping antonyms (in which one member yields an impartial comparative, and the other a committed...

Wayfinding

While the previous sections lay out a foundation for interacting with SpeckNet data from a region directly in front of the user, they may not always begin adjacent to it. Since the points of interest are generated from sensor readings, they could occur anywhere within the SpeckNet and since we are interested in individuals interacting with these points directly, additional tools are required to guide them to the locations. The majority of our understanding in this area comes from the Virtual...

Measuring Microscopic Movements

A small number of researchers have attempted to measure microscopic details associated with decisions taken by pedestrians as they move within a space. Typically, most ofthese have used video data collection that has then been analysed in various ways to extract whatever details were of interest. Dammen (1992) describes a novel set of experiments, used to determine the effect of bottlenecks on the free movement of pedestrians as they approach, for example, a ticket barrier. She also undertook...

What happened in the Renaissance

Euclid enunciated the principles of perspective geometry (Lindberg, 1992, p. 105-6), and pictures that depict a three-dimensional world as though it lay beyond the painted surface exist from Roman times (Bryson, 1990, p. 17-59). However, the direct source of our own pictorial practices is the Renaissance, which witnessed a transition from the configurational to the pictorial use of space. This was not an overnight revolution, but it affected all subsequent depiction. For many kinds of pictures,...

Synony My

Cruse makes a distinction between absolute, propositional, and near (quasi-) synonymy. Propo-sitional synonymy, dealing with sentences, will be out of scope here. Absolute syononyms can be defined as items which are equinormal in all contexts for two lexical items X and Y, in any context in which X is fully normal, Y is, too in any context in which X is slightly odd, Y is also slightly odd, and in any context in which X is totally anomalous, the same is true of Y (Cruse, 2000, p. 157). Absolute...

Pictu Re space

The word art is from the Latin ars, meaning arrangement. As Arnheim specifies we see a painting, sculpture or building as an arrangement of definable shapes organized in a comprehensive structure (Murray, 2000). Therefore, when we look at any work of art, whether it is a painting, a sculpture, or a building, we are, in fact, looking at different ways that an artist has arranged elements in a space. According to Andrews, when we look at a painting, it is possible to imagine ourselves within a...

Phenomenological perspectives Relph and t uan

Perhaps the earliest text is Relph's (1976) monograph Place andPlacelessness, a work informed by introspection, experience, and observation. Relph identifies three broad dimensions of place identity. In his own words (our italics) the static physical setting, the activities and the meanings - constitute the three basic elements of the identity of places. A moment's reflection suggests that this division, although obvious, is a fundamental one. For example, it is possible to visualize a town as...

The digital situationist

There is no media substitute for actively taking part in ones own life in the real world. However, it is important to distinguish between two different aspects of todays digitally spectacular situation. Using Debord's conception of the construction of situations, Kellner suggests that A creatively interactive Spectacle is one that the individual herself has created, whether it be one's Web site, computer-mediated space, such as chat room, or discussion group. In these self or group-constructed...

Int Roduction

Contemporary stained-glass artists have embraced the net, although more for promotion (British Society of Master Glass Painters, 2007), networking (Gateway to Glass, 2007 H-Stained-glass Network, 2007), and archival (Corpus Vit-rearum Medii Aevi (CVMA), 2007) purposes than creation of work. However, virtual space and the use of computing technology offer considerable potential for stained-glass artists. Screen-based technology is particularly suited to the development of stained glass,...

Endnotes

A search for the string, 'cohesive group of letters with strong', in May 2007 retrieved 5 documents captured by Google, 7 by Google Scholar, and 4 by Google Book Search, with some duplication between Google and Google Scholar (a version of Shannon's own article was recalled by Google) (Google, 2007a, b, c). 1 I draw upon my personal memory and experience for these examples. 2 I am indebted to Luigina Ciolfi of the University of Limerick and Howard Rosenbaum of Indiana University for independent...

Digit al dt ou Rne Ment

Another tool in the situationist armoury against the pervasiveness ofthe Spectacle is the d tournement or recontextualisation of preexisting aesthetic elements to be integrated into a construction of a higher order (i.e., plagiarism, or the use of ready-mades in the Duchampian sense). Debord writes in Methods of D tournement, Any elements, no matter where they are taken from, can serve in making new combinations .the mutual interference of two worlds of feeling, or the bringing together of two...

Pict o Rial pRog Ress and visual cul tu Re

The Renaissance transition, from configurational to pictorial approaches, has often been conceived as a success story ofprogress. Hogben, characteristically for his period, offered this view What was essentially new in the fifteenth century was the investigation of the laws of perspective and their application and the investigation itself was the signal of renewed interest in experimental optics. In the Greco-Latin murals and vases of antiquity, in Gothic art and in painting of the Byzantine...

The diseMbodied voice

Chion refers to the already visualised acousmetre, the voice whose face we know but currently do not see and that generally projects reassurance. The voice of a friend or known voice on the telephone can have this function. The commentator acousmetre is a category of disembodied voice, but a voice that has no personal stake in the scene. Comparable to the narrator of a news item or nature programme is the public address announcement, whether live or recorded. We generally take such...

L inearity

An assumption, rather than a principle, of linearity is implicit in the model of communication in information theory, with communication proceeding in time, from messages for selection to the destination. Feedback loops, allowing for a modification of linearity, were incorporated into later modifications of the model. Linearity is also implicitly observed in telecommunication practices for oral messages, presumably independently of Saussure's understanding of oral speech as extended over time,...